Great Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook

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Our Coal Mining Heritage, Appalachia and Beyond
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John Jay Dickey Diary 1897

Dickey Diary





Pg 1929

Nov. 6, 1897

An amusing incident occurred at Mr. Roack’s, a mill man near town this

afternoon.  He was drinking and had a smothering spell.  I was standing near

the house talking to Mr. Lee Callahan, a carpenter and builder, about the

Benge Church.  Mrs. Roarck saw me and sent for me.  She met me at the door,

weeping, told me to go in.  Two men had Mr. Roack on his feet at the window.

He soon revived and they laid him down.  He had been attending our meeting,

had been at our room, always under the influence of liquor but professing to

be saved.  Lying up in his bed, he began to lament the fact that his wife was

not saved, and in petrified tones begged me to pray for her.  He said, “I see

she has been shedding tears perhaps there is hope for her. “  After supper,

when she and her sons were standing around the bed he lifted up his voice and

prayed for his poor family, then asked me to pray.



pg. 1944

November 21, 1897, Sunday, Manchester, KY

This morning I preached the funeral of James Hibbard age 11, Frank

Hibbard age 9 and Mary Belle age 4, text “Blessed are They that

hunger and thirst after rightousness.”  The two older children died

Dec. 1895 and the yungest Dec. 1896.  One year ago the time was

set to preach the funerals of the two boys but only one preacher

was there (Bro. Brigman) and the time was put off.  Mr Brigman was

there today.  This is the custom of the country.  It is so all over the

mountains of Kentucky.  Funerals ate usually preached in the autumn,

no matter when the person dies.  If it is near autumn when death

takes place it is usually put off a yeat.  I have preached a few

funerals over the bodies of the dead.  At jackson I go t the custom

pretty well established with the town people.  There are reasons for

this custom.  It has grown up from the meager population.  Friends

were at a distance and could not be brought to the burial.  A time

was then fixed most favorable for bringing them together.  Again

preachers were not at hand to officiate when the person died and

therefore a time must be fixed then when they could be had.

These things have formed the custom and itis hard to change the

custom of the people.  It takes time.  Then someone must do it.  It

is interesting to trace the developement of the custom and manners

and habits of a people.  Long observation and close study are





December 16, 1897, Thursday, Manchester, KY


Bro. pickett is preaching some wonderful sermons. Monday night he preached

on, ‘Influence’ and Tuesday night on ‘Indifference’ – ‘Woe to them that are

at ease on Zion.’ I have never heard him or any other man surpass them, for

pungency, cogency, power of illustration, lucidy, and gospel truth. He is a

mighty man. He hailed fire and brimstone on dancing. To effect this, I

suppose the dancers met en masse at James Reed’s three miles from town, at

the old Judge Reed place last night. As we came from Dr. Burchell’s to

church we met buggies, equestrians, and a two horse wagon load going.

Praise God, Misses Lucretia and Gertrude Reed, who live with their mother

in a house in the yard of the ‘old place’, were at church testifying and

praying. A few weeks ago they were leaders in the dance. Tuesday night, the

14th, Miss Evans, the teacher at Dr. Burchell’s school house, professed

sanctification at church. She is a Presbyterian from Kingston, Green

County, Indiana, a most elegant young lady, very devout and consistant.


pg 1977

December 25, 1897,  Dr. Burchell’s   Clay County



I came her yesterday afternoon.  Have had a delightful day with

this delightful family.  Dr, Burchell is a native of Jessamine Cou-

nty, is 47 years old.  His wife is a daughter of T. T. Garrard and great

grandaughter of Governor Garrard.  They are excellent people.

Mrs. Burchell was converted in our last meeting.  Her daughters,

Mary, Jose and Lucy were converted in our first meeting.  They are

Presbyterians; Dr. is not yet converted.  They have 11 children, a

bright home of immortals.  Miss Hannah H. Evans is here.  She is

the district school teacher from Greensburg, Ind.  She was converted

in our meeting, is a Presbyterian also an extremely modest young

woman, of good mind, refined and fairly well educated.  She is

anxious to be used of the Lord and I believe she wil prove a

faithful and efficient worker.  How this region need such women!

Last night the children of the district had a Christmas entertain-

mentat the school house, under the management of Miss Evans, which

was very creditable to all concerned.  In the festivities of the

day we have kept Jesus before us.  I am trusting Him every hour

I am in his hands.   All is well.


1979 – Reed

……..I called at widow Reed’s in returning, to see Misses Gertrude and


Tonight there is a dance at Daugherty White’s. This makes 4 in town, since

I came here. Two have been at Dr. Hill’s one at Mrs Potter’s both

Presbyterians, and one at James Reid’s at the old Judge Reed place, three

miles in the county………



page 1997

January 23, 1898,  Sunday, Manchester, Ky



I arrived here at 10:30 am.  Today I was overtaken by night and a rainstorm

at John E. White’s and came from there this morning.  I

stayed Friday night at Taylor Marcum’s at the mouth of Big Creek.

I hope to establish a church at that point.  It is about half way

between Manchester and Hyden.  I rang the church bell as soon as I

arrived, this morning and had services.  Only a dozen were present.  At S.

School we had a fairly good attendance at 2 pm.  Last Sunday

Dr. Sandlin acted as superintendent, the Sunday before Miss Evans.

Bro. Farmer conducted prayer meeting both Wednesday nights during

my absence  Only 4 or 5 were present.  Thank God for someone to

stand in the breach.  Tonight as I sit in my room, card playing is

going on in an adjoining room profanity and obscenity most shocking, is

heard.  The card playing has been going on all afternoon, perhaps

all day.  At the table no one speaks a word to me.   The devil

seems to have set everything against me.  But God will use me yet

for their conversion.


page 1998

I told her I thought she could get a school at Big Creek,

this county.  She wrote to the trustees, this morning, or rather

Dr. Burchell wrote for her.  I trust she will get it for that would

begin my work there at once.  I stayed all night there last Friday

and told the people that I would visit the neighborhood and preach

for them and send then a religious teacher.  Perhaps she is the one.

I hope so.  Tonight Bro. Hiram Farmer came to my room.  He said

that he wanted something to do.  I told him we would go out to the

school houses about in the country near town and preach/  He said

he was ready.  He said he believed that God called him to preach or

rather that he ought to preach.  He is a Campbellite, converted

during Bro. Pickett’s meeting.  I decided today, to keep Loan Fund

Day in February.





John W. Culton. 

            I marketed the first saw log above the Cumberland Falls.  This was in

1874.  There being no railway crossing the Cumberland river above the

Falls, rafts could not be taken over the Falls hence there was no market

for the timber.  The Southern Pulp? Co. built a boom below the mouth of

Rockcastle river, caught the timber, rafted it and took it to

Nashville.  The Indiana Lumber Co. was interested in the boom as they

also bought logs.  In 1875 or 1876 an ice tide swept the boom away

breaking the companies and crippling me.  A boom between Barboursville

and P ville (sic) had been built.  Here logs were caught and at certain

stages of water were turned loose.  The ice tide swept this away also.

The ice piled [2076] up 45 feet high.  The breaking away was like the

firing of artillery.  If the boom had not given away the whole country

would have been inundated.

            The first timber I marketed was walnut.  I bought walnut trees 48 in.

in diameter for $2. a piece.  I cut thousands of walnut logs on the

banks and islands of the river which did not have to be touched but were

floated away by the rising tide.  Walnut and poplar were the only kinds

of timber taken out at that time.  This ended the floating of timber

till the L&N was built to Williamsburg about 1892.

            The Asher’s have been great factors in the development of the timber

industry in the mountains.  Chief among these have been the Asher

brothers, sons of Jackson D. Asher who lived and died on the head of Red

Bird.  These sons are named as follows: Ð George Mattison, Thos. J.,

Andrew Jackson,  Hugh L. and Abijah B.  They were raised barefoot.

Their father was a money maker, by saving.  He raised stock, loaned his

money.  Then they began the lumber business by putting small lots of

logs from the woods into the [2077] Cumberland river on contracts; each

year he put in more logs.  Matt and Jack went to California about ______

when they returned about ______ They all went in together.  Their father

helped them and then other brothers joined them and they soon became the

lumber kings of the mountains.  When Mr. Hunington (sic) the K.C.R.A.

from Paris to Livingstone their keen perception saw that the crossing of

that road at Ford on the Kentucky river made the best mill site in the

mountains.  Four of the brothers, Matt, Tom, Jackson and Hugh formed the

Asher Lumber Co. created mills, put in booms, bought large tracts of

timber on the upper forks of the Kentucky and began business on a large

scale.  They made money rapidly.  They ran the business for years, then

sold it to a Michigan Co.  Matt, Hugh and Jack bought fine farms round

Lexington where Hugh and Matt still reside.  Tom now owns one of the

best mills South of the Ohio river at Masioto, one mile above

Pineville.  It is of iron, nothing about it that can burn.  Jack Asher

lives at Pineville and is operating a saw mill at that [2078] point.

The two have $300,000 worth of lumber on their yards at present.





Abner Lewis 


His (Samuel Cornett) son, William Cornett, son-in-law of John Lewis gave me


In this case and with these two fees I purchased the Negro Boy.  John Lewis

and Abner Lewis were the progenitors of the Lewis’s in the mountains.

General George Britain was the administrator of the estate of Calvin

Bailey of Harlan, brother-in-law of Britain.



During war Clay county was remarkably exempt from depredations of marauding

bands.  Early in the war in 1861 or 1862 a small regiment of home guards

were organized in the county.  Alexander White was chosen Colonel and I

(David Yankee Little) Lieutenant Colonel.  My opponent was Capt. William

McDaniel whom I afterward defeated for the Senate.



In 1866 I was elected to the Senate of Kentucky from the 33rd Senatorial

District, composed of the counties of Clay, Harlan, Letcher, Pike, Floyd

and Perry.  My opponent was my townsman, Capt. William McDaniel.  He had

been a Capt. in the Union Army and had represented the district in the

Lower House.  During his term he had formed the 33rd. Senatorial District

expecting to represent it in the Senate.  I had a dream before I announced

myself in which my election was won. I told my wife about it and she

encouraged me to run.  I was solicited by men from all parts of the

district to make the race.  I was a Democrat, Judge Pearl told me to plunge

into the canvass and I would beat McDaniel, who was a Whig.  There was a

majority of 1,500 to overcome.



2109 – Reed


Henry Lucas – Manchester, Key., Dec. 22, 1898.

Gen. Hugh White when drinking fell into a salt kettle and came near losing

his life from the burn. He sent for Dr. William Reed, father of Dr. Stephen

Reed. He refused to come. “Let him die and go to hell,” said he. He had

refused him his daughter, Susan in marriage. “Old Alex White, himself a

great drinker, a brother-in-law of Dr. Reed married sisters Brauners –

persuaded him to go. After he had dressed the burn, General White handed

him $100 bill expecting him to give him change, he held out his hand,

“Another” said Reed. “No by the heavens, do you mean to break me up?”, said

Reed and he did so……         (this is verbatim)




William Cornett – Coon Creek, Leslie County, KY, Jan. 17, 1898. 

I was born in Perry county, KY, Feb. 3, 1814 on Leatherwood Creek.  My

father’s name was Archibal Cornett.  He was born in East Tennessee on

either Little or Big Moccasin.  His father’s name was James Cornett who

came to Perry County, KY.  When my father was a boy 7 to 10 years old.  My

father was 84 years old when he died in 1873.  This would make the coming

of the Cornett’s to KY from 1796 to 1799.  My grandfather was married twice,

once to a Gillam, once an Everedge.  He had children as follows:

Nathaniel, Samuel, Roger, Archibald, William, John, Robert, Lucy (Woolery

Eversole),  Elizabeth (Campbell), and Nancy (Samuel Combs), Archibald, my

father, married Judy McDaniel;  Robert (a Combs), Roger, Charlotte



page 2159-60

John H. Gilbert


I was born in Clay County Jan 12, 1842.  My father’s name was

Felix G. Gilbert; my mother’s name was Jemmina Snavely of Smith

County, Ga (Va.?)  My father was born in Tenn.  He was a son of

Felix Gilbert one of the early settlers of Clay County.  He came

here a few years after my uncle John Gilbert came.  I have heard

my ant Mary Ann McCollum say that when my grandfather came to

Red Bird there were only two families on the creek, viz;-

Dillon Asher and Rev. John Gilbert, my great uncle.  My grand-

mother’s name was Wallace of Tenn. Scotch-Irish.  The Gilbert’s

are English.  My father died in October 1855. (see will in Man-

chester).  He was five years the junior of my uncle John.  I am

sure of this.  He was 95 years old (John Gilbert made his will

August 17, 1860.  The same was probated April 1, 1868 – see

record in Clay County Court.  This would put Rev. John Gilbert’s

birth 1755 and 113 years at his death.) at the time when he died.

It was in winter time when my grandparents came.  My grandfather

had children as follows: John, Mary Ann, Felix, James, William,

Wallace and Hamilton and Haywood the youngest, Jennie, younger

who married Sam Jones.  Their descendants live in Knox Co.  Mary

Ann married Isaac McCollum.  My uncle (or great uncle) married Mollie Bowling

sister of James Bowling and early settler of this county.  James Bowling had

a brother whose name I do not remember who was the father of “Hungry” John Bolling still living on Sinking Creek, Knox Co. and “Hungry” James, dead and Mrs. John Holland mother of Anderson Holland of Martin’s Creek, this county. 

She still lives. I have heard my uncle Rev. John Gilbert say that he came when

peace was first made at the close of the Revolutionary War.

He was born in 1755, he would be 28 years old in 1782 or 1783.

when peace was made,  I heard both my grandfather and my great

uncle John Gilbert say that my grandfather was 95 years old

when he, the latter, died.  There were salt wells bored in Red

Bird.  John Gilbert made salt there and sold his works to Dire.




James Dixon Black – Manchester, Ky., March 9, 1898.

I was born in Knox Co. Sept. 24, 1851.  I am a son of John Craig Black.  He

was born in South Carolina in 1805.  He came to Nolechuckee (not sure of

the spelling) River in Tenn. and thence to Knox Co. when a boy.

He was a son of Alexander Black who was born in Ireland.  I do not know

what part of Ireland.  He came to America a married man.  John Gilbert, Sr.

said he loaned my father $300.00 to start in business when he did not know

whether or not he would ever get it back.  My father brought the first

wagon to Goose Creek.  (I doubt this, S.E.H.)  Henry Watterson’s mother was

a Tennessee Black.  Felix Grundy’s mother was a Black.  He was about the

only man who could hold a hand with Henry Clay.

My father died in Knox Co. in 1876 in his 72nd year.  He was a young man

when he came to Tennessee.  There are a lot of Blacks living in East

Tennessee where he lived.  My grandfather Black was an overseer on a South

Carolina Plantation.  My father was a farmer on Richland Creek where I was




He never held any office except Magistrate and that before it was elected. 

(there are some spaces with letters missing here in the last word not sure what it is suppose to be).


My father and mother had 13 children, John A. Black of Barbourville is my

brother.  There are 3 other brothers now living in Madison County, and a

sister, Mrs. Alabama Hopper, in Knox.  I am the youngest of the family. 

My mother was Clarissa Jones, born in Clay County in 1807, died in 1862.

She was a daughter of Isaac Jones.  We have a tradition that his father

came over from France with Lafayette, fought in the Revolution and settled

on the Yadkin in NC.  I got this from my uncles.  My oldest aunt (Black)

married H.J. Jones of Williamsburg Institute.  I attended the common

schools.  My father was an uneducated man and did not take the interest in

the education of his children that he should.  My mother died when I was 11

and my father married again.  Soon after that I left my father at 16.  I

worked on a farm for $10.00 per month for about a year.



I then borrowed money from brother John and attended Greenville and

Ferschum (???D.S.) College, Tenn. where I was a student three years.  I

completed the B.S. course and expected to return and take the A.B. course,

but being in debt, I concluded not to return.  I began teaching in

Barbourville.  This was in 1872.  I studied law while teaching and at the

end of two years, 1874, I got license to practice law.  In 1875 I was

elected to the Lower House of the Kentucky Legislature from Knox and

Whitely Counties, as a Democrat overcoming a majority of 1000.  Duley King

was my opponent.  He was a nominee of the Republican party.  I was not

nominated.  I served out my term and resumed the practice of law in

Barbourville.  In 1877 I was elected School Commissioner receiving the

entire vote of the Board of Magistrates, though I was an Opponent.  In 1886

I was elected Grand Junior Warden of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky and in

1888 Grand Master.  In 1892 I was appointed one of five Commissioners from

Kentucky to the World’s Fair



or Columbian Exposition with W. H. Dulaney of Louisville, Dr. Clandy of

(looks like Christian County), J.W. Yerkes of Canville and Dr. A. D. James

of Muhlenburg County.  $100,000 was appropriated.  $75,000 was used;

$20,000 returned and $5,000 enjoined by Gross of Kentucky Restaurant, still

in litigation.  In 1896 I was the nominee of the Democratic Party for the

11th. Congressional District, every county was largely Republican but 367

more votes were cast for me than for Gen. Hardin in 1895 for Governor,

although the party was divided on the financial question in my race.  I am

now one of the Commissioners appointed by Governor Bradley to attend the

launching of the Battleship Kentucky the 24th. of this month.  I am a

Knight Templer (in 1888 Judge B.E. Day got the nomination for Congress in

the 11th. Congressional District over J.A. Black and was defeated by J.H.

Wilson of Barbourville.  If Mr. Black had been nominated he could have been

elected.  Wilson would not have run.  J.J.D.)

I was married in 1875 to Miss Mary Janette Pulitzer? of Barbourville.  I have three children living, one dead.


page 2173-74

William Washington White  Manchester, Key., March 7, 1898


I am a son of Hugh White.  My father came to Kentucky before

Alex 1799, Margaret 1800, John 1802, and Susan 1804, 4 were

born before we came here.

I have always understood that Bollings first made salt, at the

Upper Lick in pots.  My grandfathers name was William White.

He died on Yellow Creek.  My grandfather was Irish.  I had an

Uncle Washington who lived and died n Louisiana, James, Alexander,

John, Aunt Isabella married first Benson then Felix Gilbert Sr.



About 1878 or 1879, after Bob Potter had made an assignment Robert Bradley

of Lancaster, father of Governor William C. Bradley came to the Clay

Circuit Court.  He had formerly visited this court but had not been here

for a long time.  I got him a fee of $600.00 from Robert Potter’s mother;

James Potter, (brother? or husband?) of Mrs. Lou Simpson.  They had all

sold their interest in Barton Potter’s estate for $5,000.00 each and had

never paid anything to them.  They were about to lose all they had.  Mr.

Bradley took the case and made perhaps the speech of his life before the

court, Judge Randall.  At that time he was old, his hair was white as

cotton and very long.  He showed the court the law and then to win this

community he led out into a speech which was for pathos, for eloquence and

for power was never over-passed at the Bar of Clay County.  It was

published in the “Mountain Echo”.



Mrs. Margaret Jane Wyatt  Benge, KY,  March 14, 1898.

I was born in Leslie County on the Middle Fork, November 24, 1844.  My

father was Abel Morgan.  He was the son of Zachariah Morgan.  My

grandfather had 16 children, I think.  Jesse, William, Joseph, John, Abel,

David, Elisha, Washington, Betsy (Lewis) wife of Judge John Lewis of

Harlan,  Nancy (Sergeant), Louisa (Parsons);  There were others whom I

cannot remember.  My mother was Sarah Brown Lewis.  She was a daughter of

Wilson Basil Lewis of Harlan or Leslie County.  He lived on Greasy, on the

waters of Middle Fork.  His father lived in NC.  I do not know whether he

came to Kentucky or not.  My Grandfather Lewis had brothers and sisters as

follows:  John Lewis (Judge), Abner Lewis, a sister who married a Howard

and one who married a Coldiron.



My grandfather had two sons: Henry M. and Wilson; two daughters, Katie

(Ford, and my mother, Betsy (Morgan).  My father moved to Owsley County

when I was 11 years old.  1855 He died about Big Hill (KY).   I was married

to Iredel Wyatt in 1863.  There are other families of Lewis’s on the Poor

Fork who my people told me were not our relatives.  The Leslie County

Lewis’s are our kin.  So are the Morgan’s of Leslie, Clay, etc..  My uncle

Henry M. Lewis was said to be the richest man in Harlan County.  He began

with nothing.  He married Clarinda Wilson who still lives.




My maternal grandmother was a Moss.  Dr. Moss of Williamsburg is a

different stock, I think.  His father was Henry Moss who came from

Manchester to clerk for Barton Better.  He died of Drink.  Potter had a

store in Williamsburg.



I moved to Laurel County after the war and the first preacher was Rev.

William Wyatt.  He served two years.  He was a strong preacher.  Others

have been, McDaniel, Travis, Judd, Bullock, Ingram, and Anthony.



Josephus Ponder  Clay County KY, May 11, 1898

I was born in Bell County, June 10, 1834.  My father was Joseph Ponder.  He

was born and reared in SC. My great grandfather Ponder came to America from

Ireland.  I do not know where he landed nor where he settled but I suppose

he came to SC.  As my father was raised there I suppose my grandfather was

reared there also.  My father came to Buncombe, NC before his marriage to

Miss Catherine Holcomb.  In 1834 he moved to Bell Co., KY where he stayed

one year and returned to NC, and in 1844 he came to Clay County KY, and

located on Sexton’s Creek.  He died on the head of that creek about 1875.

He had children as follows:

Betsey (Daniel Murray), Mary (Levi Bailey), Martha (John Sandlin), Delighta

(Reuben McDaniel), Sally (Nathan Holcomb), Nancy (William Baker), Josephus

– Myself,  married Tabitha Murray.  My maternal grandfather was a soldier

in the Revolutionary War.





Montgomery Hounshell – Clay County, Ky.  May 11, 1898.

I was born in Lee Co., Va. I am 76 years old.  My father was

born in Wythe Co., VA.  He talked broken English – was Dutch.

His father was reared in America.  The people of Wythe County

were nearly all Dutch.  They were the best livers I ever saw.

I do not know how far back my people crossed the ocean.  I came

first to Breathitt County.  The Hounshells of Breathitt are my relatives.

There are a great many Hounshells in Virginia. 



There are Hounshells on the Ohio River, some have steamboats and

are rich.  I do not know what kin they are to me.  My four brothers

came to Kentucky with me.  My father came later and died here.


page 2193-97

John McDaniel – Benge,  March 14, 1898


I was born in Perry County, March 13, 1825.  My father, John

McDaniel was born in Buckingham County, Virginia.  He came to

Kentucky before he was married.  He had 11 children; Reuben,

Thomas, Keziah, Mary, Jesse are dead.  Elizabeth (Robison),

Tilah, Nancy (Robison), myself and William who lives in

Barboursville, are living.  My great grandfather came from

Ireland.  His son Thomas was my grandfather.  He was a deaf mute.

My mother, Judah Cornett, daughter of Nathaniel Cornett.  He

lived in Perry County.  His brother, Roger Cornett lived at

Benge.  My uncle Robin Cornett kept the toll gate which

stood just east of where James Benge now lives.  It was kept

by Elijah McWhorter at the foot of McWhorter Hill previous

to that time.  I think the gate east discontinued about or

during the war.  In 1852 I took Bob Potter to Mt. Vernon to

school.  We paid toll at a store house some 6 to 10 miles this

side of Mt. Vernon, kept by a man named Smith.  There were many

six horse wagons come to Goose Creek when I was a boy, from

Louisville, loaded with goods and went back with salt.  Robin

Cornett would buy things from these Wagoner’s for people who

would leave money with him for that purpose.  When the K.C.R.R.

reached Lexington it killed the salt trade from central Kentucky.

One was hardly out of sight of wagons those days.  When I work-

end at Gen Whites about 1843 there were 12 furnaces in operation

on Goose Creek and salt was selling at 35 cents a bushel.

The following persons owned or operated furnaces at that time:

Alex White, above the mouth of Buzzard; Adam White of Abingdon

at the mouth of Buzzard; Daniel Bates above Horton’s on the

west side of the creek; Gen White at the Forks of Goose Creek;

T.T. Garrard, where it now stands, built in 1832; Daugherty &

James White on the main Goose Creek above the Forks; Frank &

William White on the same Fork; Racener at D.Y. Little’s Ford

below Manchester; someone near where Garrison now lives at

the Ford of Little Goose Creek; Frank Clark at mouth of the Red

Bird, making ten.  Precious to that time there was as furnace

at Ford of Little Goose west of Manchester on the Burning

Springs Road between James Love’s house and the ford.  There

was once a furnace just above town at the mouth of Tankard

Branch; James Bowling was drowned in the deep well near it

called ___McHone Hole.  I worked there three months for Gen.

White.  I heard Daugh White say in speech when running against

T.T. Garrard for the Lower House, that he had eaten clabber out

of a dish, sitting on the floor, around which were gathered

his brothers and sisters each of whom would take a spoon in

turn as it was passed from one to the other.  (I suppose this

was a little demagoguery to win votes as T.T. Garrard was

born rich. J.J.D.)



page 2201

A War Tale


Obadiah Hammonds was a fellow soldier of my father.  He was

very homely.  One morning in camp he said, “Tom, we will all be

killed today”.  My father said, “Oh, I hope not.  I should hate

to look at you after the cities blow you for you are so ugly that

we can hardly stand to (see) look at you.



John D. Calderon Laurel Creek, Ky., April 9, 1898.

I was born in Harlan County, KY.  My father was William Calderon.  He was

born near the Falls of the Cumberland about 1800.  My mother was Leah

Lewis.  She was born near Salisbury, NC.  Her father was Abner Lewis.  The

first settlers of Harlan County were Samuel Howard, Abner Lewis, John

Lewis, John Dickson, Sen., Creeches.  The Lewis’s and Dickson’s, Gilliam’s,

Creeches, and Caldrons lived on the Poor Fork.  Polly’s, Day’s, Hall’s on

the same Creek.  My grandfather Conrad Calderon came from the continent of

Europe.  He was called “Black Dutch”.



I do not know whether he came from Holland or Germany.  He was a soldier in

the Revolution. 


page 2246-48

Rev. Hughes Bowling – Hector Creek, April 22, 1898


I was born in Leslie County, Key. then Clay, April 8, 1857.

I was born on Bull Creek.  My father was John Bolling.  My

mother was Susan Napier.  My paternal grandfather was

James Bowling.  His wife was Mahala Wilson.  My great

grandfather Bollling was named Eli.  He came from Licking

River, Tenn. to Clay County, Key. in 1807.  His sister Mary

called Mollie, came with him and became the wife of Rev. John

Gilbert.  His brothers Levi, John and James came with him also

a sister Nancy who married a Sizemore.  My great grandfather

settled on Bear Creek, Clay Co..  He paid for a tract of land on

that creek, containing 1500 acres by herding hogs one winter on

the mast.  Dan and Dave Bowling (sons of James Bowling) own and

resided on it.  They sold it in the boom for $7,000 but the parties

failed to pay for it.   Rev. Jesse Bowling who settled on the North

Fork in Breathitt County was the uncle of Eli, John, James, Levi,

Mary and Nancy Bowling.  This is the way I’ve always heard it.  I

have heard my father say that he heard Rev. John Gilbert say that

he had the settling of Clay County.  He first thought that he would

settle the mouth of Hctor but he finally had to settle higher up

Red Bird.  Taylor Gilbert says that his grandfather Rev. John

Gilbert preached in “hard shell” doctrine but I have heard many

old people say that he did not, but preached a free salvation for

all.  Hector Creek was named by John Gilbert in honor of a

favorite bear dog by that name which was killed by a bear on it.

 Old John Hays who lived and died on Hector said that the Bowlings above

mentioned all came from Tennessee that is, that Jesse Bowling

of North Fork came from the same place that the others did.  Hays

died five year ago, at the age of 93.  He said there was a Levi

Bowling in that neighborhood, Uncle to Eli and perhaps brother of

Jesse above (mentioned).  I think old John Gilbert came from the

same place.  Taylor Gilbert wrote them a few years ago to get the

ordination record of Jesse Bowling and others who ordained John

Gilbert but failed to get them.  I have always learned that the Hard

Shells broke off from the Baptist Church in 1833.  They were

100,000 strong at firsthand in 60 years that had fallen off to

40,000.  I learned it from Throckmorton and Potter debate held

in Indiana.  Silas Hensley, on this creek has a copy.  I joined the

church in 1884, am a preacher in the Missionary Baptist Church.


Rebecca MAGGARD Boggs Combs, Hazard, KY. 4/26/1898, 
I was born in 1821 in Harlan County, Kentucky on the Poor Fork. My father was Samuel MAGGARD. He was born in Rockbridge, Co., PA. He was Dutch. My mother was Rebecca ROBERTSON. They had 12 children to live to be grown. The children were: John, Susannah, Henry, Rudolph, David, Mgt (sic), Sarah, James, Moses, Samuel, Rebecca & Elizabeth. Susanna married Henry BACK related to the Breathitt BACKS. Mgt (sic) married Jesse ADAMS, Sarah married Samuel CAUDILL, Elizabeth a CREECH. He was killed in the war. My father and mother were members of the old Baptist Church so were all my bros and sis. John was the father of Samuel, Reuben or Rudolph MAGGARD of Leslie Co. My parents died on the Poor Fork; six or eight miles from its source. My husband's name was Abel BOGGS. He was raised on Callahan Creek, Lee County, Virginia, a mile from the Powell's River. 
I was married to Mr. Boggs when I was 15 years old. We had four children. Jesse who lives at Hazard; Silas lives at Troublesome, a Baptist preacher; Elizabeth (HUFF) who lives on the head of the Ball in Knott Co; Susanna who married Wm. AMBURGEY and lives in Montgomery Co. KY. I married John S. Combs Nov 1875. 


John S. Combs, Hazard, Ky. 4/26/1898. 
I was born in Perry County 7/25/1819. My father was Jeremiah Combs. He was born in N.C. or Va. My grandfather was Nicholas Combs. He was born in Va or New River, N.C. He lived and died near where L.D. Combs now lives in Perry County. He came to Kentucky early in the settlement of Kentucky. There was a large company came together: Mason, George, Nicholas, W, Jeremiah, Henry, Elijah Combs. There was one other who made it. Yes, Henry was his name. Mason was the oldest. I have seen none of these Uncles. Henry moved to Indiana; Wm moved to Bluegrass. I do not know whether or not General Leslie Combs was kin to us but I suppose he was a son of my Uncle Wm. Combs as they both lived in that section of the state. Uncle Wm moved to the Bluegrass before I was born. My father died Jan 1853, 73 years old. This would place his birth in 1780. He was not grown when he came here. I often heard my father & mother say that the Combs's came from Jamestown, Va to North Carolina. My father had two brothers: Samuel who lives or lived at Booneville, the father of Wiley Combs & Nicholas, the father of Lorenzo, one sister who married John WILLIAMS who died on Troublesome. 
My mother was Cynthia SUMNER. Her father was Samuel SUMNER who was killed by the Sheriff for resisting arrest either in N.C. or Ky. My mother came with the company to Ky. Her brother, John, came also. He moved to Indiana but some of his children returned and live in Letcher and Perry. My grandmother SUMNER married a HICKS and went to Indiana and raised a family. 
Two of my uncles HICKS lived on the Ozark Mts in the edge of Arkansas, when I was there. Nicholas Combs, my grandfather, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Several of his brothers were in the same war. I can't tell which ones were in the war, they may all have been in it. 
Old Wm CORNETT came with my uncles to Ky; also Richard SMITH, great grandfather of "Bad" Tom SMITH. He settled on Troublesome. 
I have heard my mother tell often of the killing of BENGE, the renegade. She saw the Indians and told of one fellow hiding in the loft and falling through while the Indians were cooking below and scaring them away. 
Mason Combs, my uncle, had children as follows: Martin, lived on Carr's Fork; Preston, lived in Breathitt on the Middle Fork, Cyry is son; Washington lived below mouth of Carr on North Fork; Talton Combs at the mouth of Carr; Clinton still lived at the mouth of Carr, very old; Bonaparte lived at Booneville. 
George Combs had children as follows: Claiborne lived in Owsley, Henry dead. 
Elijah lived in Perry. He was General of the Militia. He had sons: Jesse, Elijah, and Jackson. Josiah Combs was killed by Joe ADKINS was the son of Jesse. Jesse was Clerk of Perry first and as long as he lived and his grandson, Ira DAVIDSON, succeeded him. I have seen him (Gen. Elijah) in his regimentals commanding at the muster. He (Jesse) was killed by the explosion of a keg of powder in Shade DUFF'S store in Hazard. Someone snuffed a candle and accidentally threw the snuff in the keg of powder under the counter. DUFF was son-in-law of Combs. Both DUFF and Combs were killed. DUFF was killed instantly. Combs lay a good while. 
Henry (Harry) Combs had children as follows: Henry, lived in Big Creek; Matthew lived on Troublesome in Breathitt, father of Wm. M. Combs of Breathitt and Isaac of Wolfe; also George on Troublesome in Perry. Henry moved to Indiana. Old George married a HERALD. 
I do not know when the Combs's came to Kentucky, but I know it was in the 1700's. 
My grandfather Nicholas Combs lived to be 101 or 2 or 3 years old. He is buried near L. D. Combs. I was grown when he died. I was married, just married, had no children (He looked at his Bible. J.J.D.) was Feb.28,1838. I bought his dog irons at his sale to go housekeeping. 
The old SIZEMORES used to come to my father's to get liquor. They would drink and fight. 




Andrew Combs Hazard [Perry Co], Kentucky. April 26, 1898 
I was born in 1806. My grandfather lived at the Long Islands of Holston River, a good while. He and my father went there several times. My grandfather married Nancy GRIGSBY. I have been at the Long Islands of Holston myself. My mother was a sickly women and I went back for medicine. I took my mother to Salt Creek, Indiana to see her mother, Mrs. HICKS. I am a brother of John S. Combs who lives on this creek. I knew that General Leslie Combs was kin to us but I do not know whether he was Uncle William's son or not. I saw my uncle William often. He used to come from about Lexington to see us. My Grandfather Nicholas Combs came first. He built a cabin and left his wife and went back for provisions etc. 
I think Sam CORNETT was the oldest of the CORNETT'S. My grandfather was detained on his first trip back to (the) Long Island of Holston and he feared his wife would starve or die before he could get back but when he came up to the point of the mouth of Carr, he helloed and she answered him. His heart leaped with joy at the response. the deer were all about the cabin but she did not know how to shoot. The women were not marksmen. I knew my mother to kill bear and deer. the old Combs's were property plenty. They owned slaves. They went back to Tennessee. I crossed New River when I went to the seashore. I think old Thomas GRIGSBY came out with my grandfather; he was his brother-in-law, brother of my grandmother. Old Mason Combs married a terrible women. Martin Combs was his son, on Carr; also Preston on Middle Fork and Bony at Booneville. the Indians used to scout through the settlement and do devilment. My wife was Polly FELTNER, they were Dutch people. My wife is four years my junior. She has a brother on Lot's Creek called Jacob FELTNER, pretty well preserved. The FELTNERS came from Tennessee. They were here when I was born. I was born in this county. My mother was a SUMNER. They came from the Long Islands of Holston. There is a island in the river a mile or two long, just below Blountsville. I am pretty certain my father married in this state. My brother, Moses was the eldest child. He was a man grown when I was a boy. My wife had brothers and sisters as follows: 
William, Henry, Rebecca (OSBORNE) in Indiana, and Jacob. My father in law died and is buried at the Squire Nick Combs, place near L.D. Combs. She had a sister Nancy, married a RICHIE. Old Richard SMITH married Nancy Combs, my aunt. He was a Baptist preacher. He would drink liquor and fight. He whipped a bully and got his nose and ear bitten off. He was a blacksmith. He could not be whipped. I have traveled a great deal. I got my eyes hurt in a fight when on the road to Indiana. A fellow imposed on my brother and I whipped him. The Dr. told me my eye would fail when I was old and now the sight is gone. I have had many fights but not on my own account. 
I never was whipped. Some of the old Combs's belonged to the church. My father did. He made a great deal of liquor. My grandfather and he were great workers, never stopped. They both got well off. My father made money making flat boats and selling to Clay's Ferry to boat tobacco to New Orleans. He sold one for $200.The Combs's were usually tall. My father was called "Chunky" Jerry. He was like the GRIGSBYS. 
He had $10,000 worth of land in Perry County when he died. He had land all over the county. My grandfather was the richest of all the Combs's. All had negros and a great deal of property. My father used to boat coal to Clay's Ferry. I remember when they began to boat coal from here. It was when I was a boy. I remember when he took empty boats down. I am not certain but I think my father Jerry Combs, took the first boat load of coal down the river. I remember when they began to take timber off on rafts. They took walnut first. John AMY(AMIS), Sam DAVIDSON, old Billy STRONG, the preacher the BEGLEYS, and others were involved in the 'cattle war' the middle forkers got the worst of it. Old GILBERT was with AMY(AMIS) he rode up amongst the Grapevine boys. Some of the SIZEMORES were in it. CALLAHANS and DAVIDSONS came from Clay to help the Grapevine boys. AMY(AMIS) was an overbearing man. Joel ELKINS set his gun behind the door of the Court House and at the picked time shot AMY(AMIS). 1807. 
They called William Combs of Fayette, "OLD BUCKERY". They said he was doing well. He was a farmer. I have been to his house in Fayette. My grandfather was a wild man, would fight in a minute but was very kind hearted. Old General Combs sent a negro man to bury a negro of his own who had died in a swamp below Squire Nicks burying ground. He had laid down on a log in a swamp and fell off dead. His little dog was lying between his shoulders when he found him. General (Elijah) told the negro to put a chain about the dead Negros neck and drag him out and dig a hole and put him in it. My grandfather (Nicholas Combs) found it out and was about to thrash the negro for doing such a thing. They both carried (it) (him) to the graveyard and buried (him) in a coffin. General and grandfather had some hard words about it. General did not care for such treatment of others nor did he fear anybody, but my grandfather was too strong for him. The FELTNERS came from Long Islands of Holston but came later then my grandfather but not much. I have seen old General Elijah Combs at muster in his regimentals. I have been sick nine month but have had no physician. I have no confidence in the doctors we have. Then I thought I was old and must soon die and it was no use to try. I am in a peculiar condition. I do not believe anybody could do me any good. 







Allen ROBERTSON, Manchester, KY, April 15, 1898.

I was born in Madison County, near Fox town on Otter Creek, March 25,


I knew Sam BENNETT, Moses BENNETT, his brother the grandfather of Gov.


My father was born at or near mouth of Dan River, VA, at a little town

called Moravian town.

His name was David ROBISON; he died in Clay County KY 18 0r 20 of June

1872 or 73

age 103 and from Feb to June.

My father was Samuel ROBERTSON. He was born in the Highlands of Scotland.

 His wife Elizabeth HARRIS.  His brother William came over with him.  I

do not know when they came nor whether either was married when they came,

though I think, they were.

My grandfather left Moravian town and settled two miles southeast of

Richmond, KY

where the water works now are, in 1777.  I have heard my father say it

was two years after BOONE went into the Fort at Boones borough.

Col. ESTILL settled near him about the same time, I think the same year.

 My grandfather lived



and died near there, a mile near Richmond, adjoining Judge GOODOE’s then

called the John RIGG Farm.  My father was the eldest.  He had a brother,

John, who went to Jackson County MO.

William, James and Alex settled in Indiana.

James in Shelby County.  The other in Morgan County at Martinsville.

Sally married GORDON and went to Mississippi.

Esther married  George BAKER and went  with others to Indiana.

Mary married METCALF and went to Indiana.

Jessamine went to Indiana unmarried.

Mother married William Mobley and died in Madison. 

My father married Alien ALLEN.

In 1839 he moved  from Otter Creek to Clay County and located on Goose

Creek opposite the mouth of Beech Creek.  He said he came to this part of

the State to hunt, in an early day, when little Goose Creek was the line

between the whites and the Indians before a treaty was made between them.

  He hunted with John BAKER Sr., father of “Julius” Bob and “Durham”

John, George who married Esther ROBERTS”ON, my aunt, and was a Methodist

preacher; and James called “Clay bank”



a great fighter, “Clyburn” was the father of Billy Bakers. was called

“RENTA” as has a brother, Bowling BAKER and a brother George BAKER.

George was the father of John BAKER called “Cana” the rhyme, who made

rhymes on Col Felix GILBERT and “Dry” John BAKER when John ran for the

Senate and was elected and when Felix ran for Representative and was

defeated by Elhanan MURPHY.  Bowling Jr. son of Bowling Sr was bound to

Daugh WHITE to learn salt making and killed Morgan DEZAM with a single

barrel pistol with two balls in it.

He fled the country and never returned.  George’s descendants have


The BAKERS came from North Carolina to Madison County and lived in Forts

there.  Another of these hunters from the Blue Grass was William MORRIS,

called “Cuddy” who settled in the forks of Goose Creek and Red Bird.

There, “Renta” BAKER, his three sons, George, John  and “Julius” Bob





Renta Baker

He (David Robinson) hunted with John Baker, Sr. father of ‘Julius’ Bob

and “Durkham’ John, George who married Esther Robertson my aunt,

and was a Methodist preacher; and James called ‘Claybank’ a great fighter,

‘Clay Bank’ was the father of Billy Baker, was called ‘Renta’ has a


 Bowling Baker and a brother George Baker. 

The Bakers came from NC to Madison County and lived in Forts there. 

Another of these hunters from the Blue Grass was William Morris, called

‘Cudcy’ who settled in the Forks of Goose Creek and Red Bird.  These,

‘Renta Baker, his three sons, George, John and “Julius Bob Morris,

Jack Harris, Elisha Harrison with my father David Robertson made the

8 hunters who visited these regions.





Elisha HARRISON with my father David ROBERTSON made the 8 hunters who

visited these regions. Benge LANGFORD and a man named LYONS first made

salt for commerce.  I have seen 40 boat loads of salt, 2,500 bushels tied

up at my father’s place at the mouth of Beech Creek from 1837 to 1844. 

There were 18 furnaces in blast above Manchester, besides Francis CLARK’s

two furnaces, one coal and the other wood.  Francis CLARK got his 1000

acres at the mouth of Bull Skin by a “Head Right” from VA.  I think it

was patented in his father’s name.  Salt was worth 75 cents. The Goose

Creek furnaces made about 90 bushels a day and the Bull Skin aobut 60

bushels and they would average 200 days a year.   My mother was an ALLEN.

 She was a daughter of Adoniram ALLEN.  He was nicknamed

‘Tediuoooooooooous” because he was so particular.

The two creeks called “Teges” were named for him; he was born in New

Hampshire near



the Vermont line.  He was a Captain in Col. CLEVELAND’s regiment at the

battle of King’s Mountain where three Colonels commanded alternately.  He

settled in Augusta, GA.  He was a mechanic.  He was first a ship builder.

 At Augusta he put up iron works for some parties there.  He also did

some work of that kind in Sparta GA.

He emigrated to KY but stopped in NC fut stayed there only a year to put

up a mill, perhaps.    (James and The. GARRARD, James and Daugh WHITE)

were commissioners who expended $20,000 in South Fork and Goose Creek

and Red Bird.  This was about 1856-7.

Eighteen years ago Judge HYDEN got an appropriation of $6,000  which

General GARRARD and myself expended in the narrows or from the mouth of

Crain Creek to Turkey Gap, a distance of five miles by land.  Most of it

was put in Chute.  The “Basin” is 27 feet deep.  We put blasts in the

bottom of the narrows.

There have been perhaps 100 salt boats sunk in the “Basin” but no one was

ever lost there  until till about 1871.



several have been drowned since.  Pilots used to chard $5.00 for taking

boats through the narrows.  There were 300 guards at the jail at one time

when Dr BAKER was in prison here.

I was a guard from June to October.  I was one of the eight inside

guards.  I was always present when any of Dr BAKER;s friends came in to

see him.  I was a late comer into the county and all parties had

confidence in me.  While the 300 county guards were on duty the State

sent 300 guards; so that there were 600 at one time.  Judge F>P>

ROBERTSON and Judge KAINKADE, both of Lexington were retained for the

defense.  Joseph MOORE of Mt Vernon was Commonwealth’s Attorney, Dr.

CALDWELL’s father assisted in the prosecution.

Dr BAKER was a monomaniac on the subject of his wife.  He would talk with

perfect coherency in any other subject, but the moment his wife was

mentioned he was wild, looked wild, talked incoherent, Daniel BATES made

a will



after Dr BAKER shot him, willing $10,000 for the prosecution of Dr BAKER.

 He died inside of 24 hours after he was shot.  He was sitting in his

chair, asleep, at the salt furnace, when BAKER shot him.

Milt RICE, afterwards Congressman from the 9th Dist, located at

Barboursville, I think it was, to practice law.  His brother located at

Irvine and married a Miss SMITH.  They were Irishmen who located first in

NY then came to KY.  Rice had not gotten any practice when a suit came up

Commonwealth against “Boston” Bob BAKER.., a misdemeanor.  He had no

counsel and the Judge appointed Rice to defend him.  Silas WOODSON,

afterwards Gov of MO and John M. ELLIOTT, afterwards Judge of the Court

of Appeals were prosecuting.  they made BAKER out terribly guilty.  Hi

CORNETT was also before the Court for the same offense; the difficulty

had been between them.  In the latter case they changed side. Now CORNETT

was an angel.  Rice said that in NY they did not practice law by telling

anecdotes but as it was so common in KY he would indulge.  He said he was

reminded of WOODSON’s position in this case of a church trial.


John D. WHITE 
Mason Combs was the original Combs in the mountains. he settled on a high hill below the mouth of Carr's Fork, on opposite side. Mace's Creek was named for him and is really Mason's Creek. His brother's Danger Combs and Gen. Elijah Combs came later. He laid out a patent about the mouth of Mace's Creek making his beginning corner a "mill seat" upon which a mill was never built until two years ago by one of the HALLS. 



Matilda Duff Lewis,  Hyden, Ky., May 27, 1898.


My father was Rev. Daniel Duff, was born in Guilford County, NC in 1776.

His father was Shadrick Duff.  He was killed in the Revolutionary War.  His

wife was Deborah Dickson,  and she did not survive him.  Shadrick Duff’s

 father was born in Ireland,  He was Scotch-Irish.  The Dickson’s were Irish also.

 My father spoke (used) broken English.  My father used to call Mrs. Sparks his

old Irish aunt.  My father had a sister, Elizabeth who married to Mr McLean.

They settled in Green County, TN, and reared a large family.



I saw two of the sons at my father’s once.  My mother was Nancy Ann Ellison.

 My parents married in Guilford County.  Her father was Welsh.  Soon after

my father and mother married they went to Lee County, VA.  There were Duffs

living there.  Robin Duff of that county was a very wealthy man.  They were

related to my father.  While they lived in Lee County several children were

born to them.  Their oldest child was Henry, He was born in 1798.  John was

born in 1801.  In 1818 my parents moved to Perry County, Kentucky, and

settled on the North Fork of the Kentucky River about two miles above the

mouth of Grapevine Creek.  He was a Baptist Minister.  Attending a meeting

of some kind in Harlan County, he met with Rev. Jesse Bolling (Bowling)

 who lived on the North Fork and becoming attached to him and made many visits

to his home.  This led to his removal to Kentucky and Perry County.  My father’s children

were:  Henry, John, Shad rick and Martha . Martha late married William Bowman and

moved to Iowa.



They reared a family.  Deborah, who married William Bolling and reared a

large family on Middle Fork about Perry and Breathitt line.  Mary married

Shepherd and moved to Missouri;  Colson who married Elizabeth Gilbert of

VA.  These Gilberts moved to the Sandy County, where Thomas Gilbert, the

father died.  Drusilla married William Gilbert, brother of Elizabeth.  They

moved to Illinois about the close of the war.  They lived in Carter County

up to that time.  Alexander, married Miss Holly or Holyfield.  He is a

carpenter and lived in Breathitt.  Margaret who married John Hays of

Breathitt and moved to Wolf County where he died.  She was living at last

account.  She raised a large family.  I am the next and youngest.  I was

born in 1825.  I married John Lewis in 1859.  Our children:  Brusilla

Lewis, wife of Theo. Lewis, and Henry Lewis with whom I live and one who

died are my children.  These are all.  My father died in 1855 in Carter

County;  My mother in Perry County in 1849.



My father then went to his daughters in Carter county where he married a

Mrs. Ellen Roe.  He only lived a short time after this.

I went to school to David Fee.  He was a smart man, a good teacher and

highly respected.  He taught near my home.  When my father moved to

Kentucky he came horseback.  They came down Red Bird and up Cutshin.  There

were no wagon roads.  They stayed all night at John Gilberts.

I knew old William Strong, he too, was a Baptist preacher.  He married Jane

Callahan, the daughter of Edward Callahan, of Red Bird.  Several of her

brothers lived on the North Fork and it was they who were engaged in the

“Cattle War”.  John Amis the leader of the other side, was a brother-in-law

of john Gilbert, they having married sisters – Bollings.  The names of

Callahans were William and Isaac, nicknamed “Pike” and it seems to me there

was a third.  Old Samuel Davidson married a Callahan, sister to Mrs.

Strong, and he was in the war.



Rev. William Strong was a Baptist preacher.  He had children as follows:

Edward, Isaac, Alexander and William.  William married a Deaton, sister of

the old Legislature.  Edward married a Spencer; his children were: Capt.

William Strong, Mrs. Alfred Marcum, Mrs. John Little and Mrs. Henry Duff,

also Robert Strong who died young leaving a few children; also Judge Alex

Strong of Lee Co., Ky.  William had children as follows: Judge Edward

Strong of Lost Creek, known as “Red Ned”.  Mrs. William Cope (Tom Copes’

father), and Mrs. Wiley Cope, of Big Branch.  Isaac had a son, William.

Alexander married Miss Wilson, had several children, one the wife of George

Baker of Clay Co., also Daniel Strong of Laurel County.  John Spencer was

an early settler, Grapevine.  I think he came from Virginia.  He had a

large family.  I think William Spencer of Breathitt who married Miss

Britain was a relative of his.  Joseph Spencer was one of his sons. 



John Spencer who married John Duff’s daughter was a son of Joseph Spencer.

My brother, John Duff married Mary, the daughter of General Elijah Combs.

He had children as follows:  Sarah Jane (Davidson), Henry Duff who married

Mahala Strong, daughter of Edward and sister of Capt. Bill Strong;  Elijah

married Mary Eversole, daughter of old Billy Eversole lives in Owsley,

father of Miss Mary Duff; Shadrick Duff married Mary Combs, granddaughter

of Gen. Combs.  They raised a family; Louisa, wife of John Spencer; Nancy

wife of Major John Eversole, mother of Joseph and Harry, George, John and

Claude Eversole; Orleana, wife of Adam Campbell, they reared a family;

Mary, wife of Anderson Eversole who moved to Kansas, a brother of Abner and

Capt. Billy Eversole.

John Duff, my brother, was the first surveyor in Perry Co.. He was County

Judge of Perry in his old days.  He had an arm amputated when he was in the

70’s.  He died in 1892, aged 91.  He left a fine estate at the mouth of

Grapevine.  His wife survives him.



Shadrick Duff, my brother was killed by the explosion of a keg of gun

powder in a store room in Hazard when a young man.  He snuffed a candle and

threw the snuff into a keg of powder, accidently.  He and my brother John,

were in partnership in the goods business.



We lived in Hazard at the time.  John was in the south with a drove of

horses at that time and did not hear of the clamity till he reached home.

His wife told him of it before he got off his horse, whereupon he went to

the grave and stuck his riding switch in the fresh dirt.  It grew to be a

tree and stands there today.



John McDANIEL  June 13, 1898

I knew Col. Daniel Garrard well.  He told me that he drank a great deal

when he was young but when he married he quit and would not drink anything

intoxicating not even cider.  General T.T. Garrard never drank not even a


I knew General Hugh White well.  He drank a great deal when young but quit

entirely.  James White, his son, did not drink anything.  Daugherty would

take a dram and sometimes get tipsy.



page 2344-47

Jason Walker Bolling.  Benge, Kentucky, June 15, 1898


My great grandfather, Jesse Bolling came to Kentucky in

180.  My grandfather Elijah Bolling was born at the Three

Forks of Powell River in Lee County,  Virginia in 1798, and

when he was 12 years old his father removed to Perry County,

Kentucky.  Daniel Duff baptized my grandfather, Elijah

Bolling.  Rev, Andrew baker baptized my great grandfather

at Blackwater Church, now Hawkins County, Tennessee.  My

great great grandfather was Major John Bolling.  He had 19 sons.

I do not knw that there were any daughters.  One of the sons

William Bolling married Martha Jefferson, sister of Thomas

Jefferson, President of the United States.  Other sons were,

Jesse above mentioned, Benjamin was oldest born 1752 or 3.

Jesse was born 1765.  Robert(a) the wife of U.S. Senator,

Archibald Dixon, was the daughter of  Dilany Bolling of

Missouri and the granddaughter of Major John Bolling,


Gov. John Young Brown’s wife was a daughter of Archibald

Dixon.  (Roger Cornett, son of the original William Cornett

built the house where Hemp. Coldiron lives, in 1802 he married

Zilpha Callahan.  This makes the date of the Cornett’s coming

to Kentucky 1796-1799 probable.  Men from Crug’s Ferry at

mouth of Sexton were at the raising.  Roger Cornett was in slaves

and land.  He owned the Coleman Survey, patented in 1783, 5,600


There are Bollings in western Keentucky.  One went to Congress

some years ago, perhaps 1870 or 1872.

The first Bolling who came to America was Colonel Robert Bolling

of London, England.

I think old Cava Baker made the rhyme on the “Cattle War”, I

have always heard it that way.  Old Julius Bob Baker and

William Neal were in St. Clairs defeat.  Baker held a Major’s

commission.  They are both buried Buffalo, Owsley County.

Neal requested to be buried beside Baker.  John Gilbert and

John Amis married sisters of James Bowling, Eli, John,

grandfather of Judge Josiah Comb’s wife,  Christopher,

William, Joseph, Nancy (Sizemore) was another sister from

these have descended most of the Bollings in Clay County.

Jesse Bolling my great grandfather, married Mary Pennington

of Lee County, Va.  He was born in North Carolina at Hillsboro.

His father was born in Virginia.  David Pennington, her brother,

was living during the war of the Rebellion.  My grandfater,

Elijah Bolling stayedd with him in Lee Co. furing the late war.

Jesse Bolling had children as follows; Hannah married Huff;

Mary married Abram Barger; Justice married ????; John

married Polly Lewis; Jesse married Lewis for his second wife;

William married a daughter of FDaniel Duff; Elijah married

Roberts; George married Lewis; a daughter married Joseph

Spencer; Betsey married Abel Pennington; another married

Maggard; another died single.  A. P. Hill and Basil Duke

married sisters of John Morgan.  His mother was the daughter

of John Hunt, the first millionaire in Kentucky.  Dr, Foster of

Kentucky was reared by Mrs. Hunt.




page 2348

David Benge     Wednesday, June 15, 1898


My grandfather, David Benge (called King David) came to Ky.,

and settled in Madison County.  While living there he used to

drive stock to this section and herd them on the range.  If he

had any brothers and sisters  I never heard of them.

Thomas Benge son of David Benge and father of Jane Benge,

killed ___Porter, stood his trail, came clear and then went

first to Indiana and then to Iowa.  It occurred near McWhorter.

It was at corn shucking; the pile was divided and these men fell

out – perhaps were Captains- and Benge struck Porter with a

rake.  He lived a week or ten days and died.  My grandfather

was a soldier in two wars, Revolutionary and 1812,  My father

was John Benge.  He volunteered in the War of 1812; my

grandfather would not let him go but went in his stead.  His

other sons were; Willliam, Joseph, and Lewis Franklin.  His

daughters were; Nancy (William Cornett, son of Roger); Sallie

Ann (George Treeman); Adeline (Elisha Stiver); Zilpa (Robert

Stiver); Lucinda (Benjamin Johnson); Mary (Elijah McGee).

John, my father, had 13 children, 10 girls and 3 boys, all still

living but one eldest is 86.  My brother’s name was James, he

lives here in Clay.  Hemarried Benge! second cousin.  I am next

to the oldest.  I married Nancy Lynx, daughter of Fred Lynx.

I had twelve children all living but two.  My oldest sister, Sallie

Ann, married John Johnson and lives near Bernstadt.  Lucinda

married Zessa McWhorter; They had a large family.  Lydia Ann

married James Hawes.  They had a large family.  Martha married

James Bolling, lives on Goose Cree.  Betsey married Henderson

Howes, parents of Mark & William Howes.  They had a good

family.  Eliza married Adam Bolling, both are living and have 8

or 9 children.  Bina married Gillum House, both are living.  Jennie

married William Bolling, both living on Little Goose.  Nancy

married Byrd, she died in child birth, left no children.  Evalina

married William Martin, had a large family.  I lived where I now

reside 60 years.  I used to make whiskey before the war.  I think

it a bad business.  I never drank much whiskey, ruins a




page 2375-76

Salt Making

Alexander Outkaw who made salt on Goose Creek was from the

head of Nolechicky River, Tenn. called Outlaw’s Bend.  In digging

salt wells my father said they found a pine log 25 or 30 ft. below

the surface.  I think Barton made the first salt on Goose Creek.

I have heard Jake Phipps and Joseph Cox, salt makers, talk of it.

Cox was full of fun.  A proud man came along where he worked at

Barton’s salt works.  He wanted to get across the Creek.  Said he

would give so much money if he were on the other side.  Joe said he

would carry him over on his back for that amount.  In the middle of

the stream Cox declared they must swim for the water was too deep to

float..  He sunk into the water and thus got the proud man thoroughly wet.

 I do not know if this was the Cox who was shot at the battle

on North Fork.  When my father came here the people cut down the

cane and planted the corn without fencing.  They would break off

the young cane as it would come.  There were plenty of buffalo and

elk when my father came here.  The bears would eat the corn so it

was with great difficulty they raised corn.  Salatiel Martin called

“Dad” Martin, was the first settler at the mouth of Martin’s Fork.

 Jesse Pace who settled on Pace’s Creek went deranged.  Mr. White.

the son of James White Senator. went to Congress from this district while

he lived at the mouth of Buzzard on Goose Creek, where Judge White

lives.  My grandmother has a Welsh Bible.  I have heard her read it

often.  I think it is in the family somewhere perhaps at Felix



page 2377-78

William Washington Hayre     Clay Co., Ky.   July 1, 1898

My grandfather Hayre, Thomas, was born in Ireland.  He married

Miss Martha Corrigan in Ireland.  They came to America and

settled in Iredell Co., N.C.  They might have been married in

America, both were born in Ireland.  My father was William

Corrigan Hayre.  He was born in Iredell Co., N.C. in 1802 at least

he was raised there.  My father married Miss Nancy Patterson

of Iredell Co., N.C. or at least in North Carolina.  After his

marriage, he and his father removed to the Cherokee Purchase, perhaps in

N.C. and lived there about a year.  My grandfather

went back to Iredell County and my father came to Clay County,

Kentucky about 1829.  My mother’s parents John Patterson and

wife were born in Scotland.  They settled in N.C. when they came to

America.  I do not know when they came.  John McLeod of Rockcastle

River is a relative of Patterson’s.  My ancestors were all Protestants

or either Presbyterians or I learned it that way.  My father and

mother were Methodists.  They joined in this county at Potter’s

Chapel.  My mother died just in 1857 and my father in 1881.  They

were good people.  When my father came from N.C.  had no

penitentiary in that state.  The gallows or the whipping post were

the alternatives.  The second offense in theft was death.  The Clay

County lawyers would not have North Carolinians on juries, in those

days.  They were afraid their clients would get justice.  I married first

Polina Hibbard who bore me five children; Frances (John Davidson); John C.

married Hazel Roberts;  Thomas married a Kersly; Robert married a

Pennington; Butler and Nancy.  My second wife was Susan Benge,

she had only one child, William Franklin.  They all live in Clay and Laurel (Counties).   I am a member of the Methodist Church.



I was 13 days trying the Strong and Amis cases.  I had Captain Clark with

me.  I bound everyone over in bonds.  Bill Strong and Amis in $1,000 each;

others less.  John Akeman and Dan McDaniel $500.00 each.  This was in 1873.




……….The Breathitt Court was visited at that time by, William Harvey

Burus and Newton P. Reed of West Liberty; Kenaz Farrow; Richard Apperson of

Mt Sterling; Judge Daniel Freck of Richmond; Samuel Ensworth and D.Y.

Lyttle of Manchester; Sydney M. Banies of Irvine whom Harvey Burus said was

the heaviest lawyer that he had met in the mountain bars……..



(William Murray) July 10, 1898 Sunday.

I am at Bro. McDaniel’s.  Went through 3 services today with good strength.

 Preached on Foreign Missions, took a collection, got $2.50.




T. T. Garrard- Manchester, Ky., April, 1898

  John Hays married a Callahan. It was in the year 1806, Captain Amos

and his company marched down from the Upper Licks. Kinkade wrote back to

General Hugh White for reinforcements. Davidsons lived on the Middle

Fork, also in Clay. Clay Davidson went to help those on the North Fork.


  William Asher, grandson of Dillon Asher, told me that his grandfather

came to Red Bird in 1800. John Gilbert came trapping when he first came

to these parts. He caught the beaver out of the beaver dam on Red Bird,

where Carter Holton now lives just above the mouth of Spring Creek on

the right hand side. He also went to the e Middle Fork and caught t all

the e beaver at the mouth of LongÕs Creek.


  James Renfro once owned the site of Pineville but Gibson who came from

Virginia owned it before him.


James and Dough Garrard, Hugh White pooled their issues and it was in

force when the war broke out. They had an agent to sell for all, usually

about 50 cents. Grant said of the salt claims of Goose Creek people, “It

is a just claim and ought to be paid and would be paid some day but this

is not the time to do it.” Salt was worth $1.00 a bushel when the works

were closed down by the order of General Buck.


  Mr. Thompson of Louisville was the commissioner who took the proxy in




David Benge, Wednesday, June 15, 1898

My grandfather, David Benge (called King David) came to Ky. and settled in

Madison County. While living there he used to drive stock to this section

and herd them on the range. If he had any brothers and sisters I never hear

of them. Thomas Benge son of David Benge and father of Jane Benge, killed

____Porter, stood his trial, came clear and then went first to Indiana and

then to Iowa. It occurred near McWhorter. It was at a corn shucking; the

pile was divided and these men fell out – perhaps were Captains -and Benge

struck Porter with a rake. He lived a week or ten days and died. My

grandfather was a soldier in two wars, Revolutionary and 1812. My father

was John Benge. He volunteered in the War of 1812; my grandfather would not

let him go but went in his stead. His other sons were; William, Joseph, and

Lewis Franklin. His daughters were; Nancy (William Cornett, son of Roger);

Sallie Ann (George Treeman); Adeline (Elisha Shiver); Zilpha (Robert

Stiver); Lucinda (Benjamin Johnson); Mary (Elijah McGee). John, my father,

had 13 children, 10 girls and 3 boys, all still living but one eldest is

86. My brother’s name was James, he lives here in Clay. He married Benge’

second cousin. I am next to the oldest. I married Nancy Lynx, daughter of

Fred Linx. I had twelve children all living but two. My oldest sister,

Sallie Ann, married John Johnson and lives near Bernstadt. Lucinda married

Zessa McWhorter; They had a large family. Martha married James Bolling,

lives on Goose Creek. Betsey married Henderson Howes, parents of Mark and

William Howes. They had a good family. Eliza married Adam Bolling, both are

living and have 8 or 9 children. Bina married Gillum House, both are

living. Jennie married William Bolling, both living on Little Goose. Nancy

married Byrd, she died in child birth, left no children. Evaline married

William Martin, had a large family. I have lived where I now reside 60

years. I used to make whiskey before the war. I think it a bad business. I

never drank much whiskey, ruins a neighborhood


Matilda DUFF Lewis - Hyden, Ky., May 1898. 
My father was Rev. Daniel DUFF, born in Guilford County, N.C. in 1776. His father was Shadrick DUFF. He was killed in the Revolutionary War. His wife was Deborah DICKSON, did not survive him. Shadrick DUFF'S father was born in Ireland. He was Scotch-Irish. The DICKSONS were Irish also. My father spoke (used) broken English. My father used to call Mrs SPARKS his old Irish aunt. My father had a sister, Eliabeth, who married Mr. McLEAN. They settled in Green County, Tenn. and reared a large family. I saw two of the sons at my father's once. My mother was Nancy Ann ELLISON. My parents were married in Guilford County. Her father was Welsh. Soon after my father and mother married they came to Lee County, Va. There were DUFFS living there. Robin DUFF of that county was a very wealthy man. They were related to my father. 
While they [Daniel & Nancy Ann ELLISON Duff] lived in Lee County several children were born to them. Their oldest child was Henry, he was born in 1798. John was born in 1801. In 1818 my parents removed to Perry County, Kentucky, and settled on the North Fork of the Kentucky River about two miles above the mouth of Grapevine Creek. He [Daniel] was a Baptist Minister. Attending a meeting of some kind in Harlan County, he met with Rev. Jesse BOLLING who lived on the North Fork and becoming attached to him, made a visit to his home. This led to his removal to Kentucky and Perry County. 
My father's children were: Henry, John, Shadrick and Martha who married William BOWMAN and moved to Iowa. They reared a family. 
Deborah, who married William BOLLING and reared a large family on Middle Fork about Perry and Breathitt line. 
Mary married SHEPHERD and moved to Missouri; 
Colson who married Elizabeth GILBERT of Virginia. These GILBERTS moved to Sandy Country, where Thomas GILBERT, the father died. 
Drusilla married William GILBERT, brother of Elizabeth. They moved to Illinois about the close of the war. They lived in Carter county up to that time. 
Alexander married Miss HOLLY or HOLYFIELD. He is a carpenter and lived in Breathitt. 
Margaret who married John HAYS of Breathitt and moved to Wolfe County where she died. She was living at last account. [sic] She raised a large family. 
I am the next and youngest. I was born in 1825. I married John LEWIS in 1859. Our children: Drusilla LEWIS, wife of Theo LEWIS, and Henry LEWIS with whom I live and one who died are my children. These are all. 
My father died in 1855 in Carter County, my mother in Perry County in 1849. My father then went to his daughters in Carter County where he married a Mrs. Ellen ROE. He only lived a short time after this. 
I went to school to David FEE. He was a smart man, a good teacher and highly respected. He taught near my home. When my father moved to Kentucky he came horseback. They came down Red Bird and up Cutshin. There were no wagon roads. They stayed all night at John GILBERTS. I knew old William STRONG, he too, was a Baptist preacher. He married Jane CALLAHAN, the daughter of Edward CALLAHAN, of Red Bird. Several of her brothers lived on the North Fork and it was they who were engaged in the "Cattle War." John AMIS, the leader of the other side, was a brother-in-law of John GILBERT, they having married sisters ... BOLLINGS. The names of CALLAHANS were William and Isaac, nicknamed "Pike" and it seems to me there was a third. Old Samuel DAVIDSON married a CALLAHAN, sister to Mrs. SSTRONG, and he was in the war. 
Rev. William STRONG was a Baptist preacher. He had children as follows; Edward, Isaac, Alexander and William. William married a DEATON, sister of the old legislator. Edward married a SPENCER; his children were: Capt. William STRONG, Mrs. Alfred MARCUM, Mrs. John LITTLE and Mrs. Henry DUFF, also Robert STRONG who died young leaving a few children; also Judge Alex STRONG of Lee County, Kentucky. William had children as follows; Judge Edward STRONG of Lost Creek known as "Red Ned;" Mrs. William COPE (Tom COPE'S father) and Mrs. Wiley COPE, of Big Branch. Isaac had a son, William. Alexander married Miss WILSON, had several children, one the wife of George BAKER of Clay County, also Daniel STRONG of Laurel County. 
John SPENCER was an early settler of Grapevine. I think he came from Virginia. He had a large family. I think William SPENCER of Breathitt who married Miss BRITTAIN was a relative of his. Joseph SPENCER was one of his sons. John SPENCER who married John DUFF'S daughter was a son of Joseph SPENCER. 
My brother, John DUFF married Mary, the daughter of General Elijah Combs. He had children as follows: 
Henry DUFF who married Mahala STRONG, daughter of Edward and sister of Capt. Bill STRONG; 
Elijah, married Mary EVERSOLE, daughter of old Billy EVERSOLE lives in Owsley, father of Miss Mary DUFF; 
Shadrick DUFF married Mary Combs, granddaughters of Gen. Combs. They raised a family; 
Louisa, wife of John SPENCER; 
Nancy, wife of Major John EVERSOLE, mother of Joseph and HARRY, George, John and Claude EVERSOLE; 
Orleana, wife of Adam CAMPBELL, they reared a family; 
Mary wife of Anderson EVERSOLE who moved to Kansas, a brother of Abner and Capt. Billy EVERSOLE. 
John DUFF, my brother, was the first surveyor in Perry County. He was county judge of Perry in his old days. He had an arm amputated when he was in the 70's. He died in 1892, age 91. He left a fine estate at the mouth of Grapevine. His wife survives him. 
Old Miss EFFIE MOORE, raised one child, Allen MOORE. She was a good woman, raised her child well, never had any other. Allen married Margaret LEWIS, sister of my husband. They had a large family of children; Daniel James, William, who was killed in Jackson, some left the country; Drusilla married James WHITE, parents of Miss Mary WHITE. They were two of the old DAVIDSONS, Samuel who married CALLAHAN above given and who moved to Missouri; and Robert who lived in Breathitt. 
Shadrick DUFF, my brother was killed by the explosion of a keg of gun powder in a store room in Hazard when a young man. He snuffed a candle and threw the snuff into a keg of power, accidentally. He and my brother James were in partnership in the goods business. We lived in Hazard at the time. [My brother] John was in the south with a drove of horses at that time and did not hear the calamity till he reached home. His wife told him of it, before he got off his horse, whereupon he went to the grave and stuck his riding switch in the fresh dirt. It grew to be a tree and stands there today. 


Margaret Combs Lewis, Hyden, KY, May 30, 1898. 
I was born in Perry County, Kentucky in 1820 or 1822. 
My father was Nicholas Combs. He was a son of Nicholas Combs, one of the original eight brothers who settled in Perry County from Holston River, Virginia. 
My grandfather John Combs, my mother's father, was a Revolutionary soldier, I am certain of that. One of his brothers was also a soldier in the Revolutionary War. I think it was Washington. I was nearly grown when my grandfather, Nicholas Combs, died in 1837 or 1838. He settled near where L. D. Combs now lives and there lived and died. My father, Nicholas Combs, told me that when grandfather first came to Perry he went to Carr to get some wheat to sow from old William CORNETT. He had no wheat but half a bushel of rye which my grandfather brought home. My grandfather sowed it and when the grain was in the milk they washed it and cooked it, so scarce was bread stuff. 
My grandfather, Nicholas Combs,* had only five children, viz. Nicholas, Jeremiah and Semund [sic]. Rebecca married a WILLIAMS and Licia married a SMITH. 
Granville and Lorenzo Combs are my brothers and still live below Hazard. 
My mother was Elizabeth Combs, daughter of John Combs and one of the original eight Combs in Perry. He first settled in Lincoln County near Danville and later came to Perry and settled on Carr's Fork. He moved to Owsley County and lived a number of years and then went to Lincoln or Boyle County where two of his daughters lived and there died. These daughters never came to the mountains. They married before their father moved to the mountains. One of them married Joseph GOOD, two of their sons from about Danville were in Perry once buying cattle. They were prosperous men. Another daughter married James HUNDLEY and they removed to Perry with my grandfather, John Combs. They had two sons, Harry (Henry) HUNDLEY and Samuel HUNDLEY. Harry (Henry) HUNDLEY married a sister of Judge Josiah Combs of Perry. Kenneth HUNDLEY, son of Sam, married Miss MATTINGLY, sister of Judge Josiah Combs' wife. My grandfather, John Combs, had a daughter named Dicie who married a SPENCER and removed to Illinois. This SPENCER was related to the SPENCERS on Grapevine. Another daughter, Margaret died single. My grandfather, John Combs, had sons: Hardin, Benjamin and John, called Jack. Hardin lived and died in Breathitt on Middle Fork at the mouth of Buck Creek. My sister married his son, Hardin. She still lives there. Benjamin lived and died on Turkey Creek, Breathitt County. Jack lived in Owsley on Cow Creek. I think the Combs came from North Carolina to Holston River. Meredith Combs of Clay County is a son of my uncle John or Jack Combs. 




William M. Combs, Jackson, Breathitt Co, KY, July 19, 1898. 
Henry Combs was my grandfather. He married Rachael CLEMENTS before he came to Kentucky. They had children as follows: Matthew (my father), Henry, George, James, Stephen and Frank; Bettie, Polly and Winnie. Bettie married Jerry Combs; Winnie married John MILLER; Polly, Downey STACY. My grandfather moved to Indiana about 1837 or 1838. He visited KY about 1848. He reared a large family by his second wife, Phoebe FRANCIS. George died in Perry on Troublesome. His descendents are still there. Henry married Nancy BROWN in New River, NC and reared a family on Big Creek, Perry County. Frank married Bettie OLIVER first, second Polly COUCH, lived and died in Perry. Stephen lived and died in Breathitt. My father married Frankie BROWN on New River, (sister to) my Aunt Nancy BROWN (who was married to Henry Combs). His children were: Aaron, Alfred, Matthew, Henry, Richard, Isaac B., Wm. M., Nathan, Rachel. Aaron married Ruth DICKERSON; Alfred, Peggy NOBLE; Matthew, Sallie WILLIAMS; Henry, Tempie DAVIS; Richard, Polly BACK; Isaac B., Louvisa McINTYRE; Wm. M., Jane Combs, daughter of Washington and grandaughter of Mason Combs, one of the original COMBES; Nathan married Miss CLINE of Arkansas and is still living there. Rachael married Isaac BACK. Alfred and Henry lived and died on Troublesome in Breathitt. Aaron and Matthew lived and died in Missouri; Richard in Montgomery Co., Ky. Isaac B., in Wolfe County, Ky., Rachael on Quicksand, Breathitt Co., Ky. 
William M. Combs, 1898, Breathitt County, KY. 
I was personally acquainted with General Leslie Combs. I met him in Frankfort in 1862, July. Dr. RODMAN knocked him down. Combs called RODMAN a God-d------ traitor. Leslie swore he could cut out a better General with a broad ax out of a buckeye than the General who was commanding at Flafort??? [sic] (Frankfort). Leslie told me we are all kin. I do not know how close, but it was distant. He had two brothers who were not much. Leslie was the boy Captain during the War of 1812. He carried a man off the battle field, and when Leslie broke (?), this man set him up in business. 
Nickolson Combs was called "Danger" Combs; his son, Nickolson, was called "Birdeye;" he was Peggy LEWIS' father. General Leslie Combs was Clerk of the Court of Appeals after the Civil War. 
At a Methodist meeting at the mouth of Lot's Creek, the preachers were slapping the mourners on the back and telling them to pray on, saying, "We have the devil down. Let's keep him down." Old General Elijah Combs was present and ... (Interview ends here without any warning.) 
William M Combs, Jackson [Breathitt Co], Kentucky, July 19, 1898. Reverend Nixon COVEY, a local Methodist preacher, taught school in the Cut Off at Jackson in 1844. I went to school to him in 1844. He is the grandfather of the BARNETTS. 
Reverend Carlisle BABBITT was an early circuit rider. He reproved Nathan NOBLE for cooking on Sunday. Next time, he gave him cold bread. BABBITT asked for the warm bread which NOBLE had cooked for himself, but he did not get it. His wife, Aunt Jennie, was a member of the Methodist Church. BABBITT preached on Lost Creek and Troublesome. It was old Mrs. ALLEN who told him where to find his sheep. It was at a log rolling; Mrs. ALLEN was there. He stopped. Mrs. ALLEN was a little tipsy and asked him his business. "I am hunting lost sheep (of Israel)." "I say that is your ram at old BILL (JAKE) NOBLE'S." 
Some say she said, "Ill be d--ned." I went to school to a circuit rider in the old Baptist church on Troublesome. Reverend Richard SMITH married Malissie Combs, an ancestor of Bad TOM SMITH. 
Napoleon Bonaparte Combs, Jackson, Kentucky, July 19, 1898. 
I was born in Perry County, Kentucky, in 1808. All I know about my age is that I voted for General JACKSON. I think it was his second election for I only voted for him once.* My father was Mason Combs. My mother was Jennie RICHESON or RICHARDSON. He and seven brothers came. William Combs, my uncle, went to Fayette County. He was at my mother's after my father died and wanted to take me to his home to raise. My father had 11 children, 5 girls and 6 boys. I am the youngest. The girls were born first. Willie, the youngest daughter, was born in Kentucky. There are seven children, at least, born after the CombsES came to Kentucky, and the youngest was born in 1808. The surveyor (?) books are good authorities. John DUFF was the first surveyor I knew. I think the CombsES are Irish. Stephen JETT told me that he stayed all night at my father's when he moved to Kentucky. My father took up all the land that he could in his own name, and then he took some up in his daughter, Willie's, name. He owned six miles up Carr, also up and down the North Fork. He had land in Tennessee. He left his land on the Holston. He said there were Indians in Kentucky, and if he could not live here, he would have his own land to which to go back. He never sold it. He had plenty here and did not need it. 
I married Miss Susan ISOM. My father-in-law said he used to carry his own gun while plowing, but I do not know that there were Indians here. The ISOMS must have come about as early as the CombsES. I moved first to Breathitt about fifty years ago and then to Owsley seven years later. General Leslie Combs, of Lexington, was a cousin of my father's. I have always understood it. One of my nephews named his son for him. So did Hardin Combs of the Middle Fork, Breathitt. Old Leslie told Wiley Combs, my son-in-law, "Never deny your name. It is as good a name as there is in this world." He always claimed kin to us." 
Jason Walker BOLLING, Benge, Kentucky, June 15, 1898. 
My great grandfather, Jesse BOLLING, came to Kentucky in 1810. My grandfather, Elijah BOLLING was born at the Three Forks of Powell River in Lee Co., Virginia in 1798, and when he was 12 years old his father removed to Perry Co., Ky. Daniel DUFF baptized by great-grandfather, Elijah BOLLING. Rev. Andrew BAKER baptized by great-grandfather at Blackwater Church, now Hawkins County, Tenn. My great-great grandfather was Major John BOLLING. He had 19 sons. I do not know that there were any daughters. One of these sons, William BOLLING married Martha JEFFERSON, sister of Thomas JEFFERSON, President of the United States. Other sons were, Jesse, above mentioned, Benjamin the oldest born in 1752 or 3. Jesse was born 1765. Roberta the wife of U. S. Senator Archibald DIXON, was the daughter of Dilaney BOLLING of Missouri and the granddaughter of Major John BOLLING, aforesaid. Gov. John Young BROWN'S wife was a daughter of Archibald DIXON. (ROGER CORNETT, son of the original William CORNETT built the house where HAMP. COLDIRON lives, in 1802, he married ZILPHA CALLAHAN. This makes the date of the CORNETT'S coming to Kentucky 1796-1799 probable. Men from Crug's Ferry at mouth of Sexton were at the raising. ROGER CORNETT was into slaves and land. He owned the COLEMAN Survey, patented in 1783 of 5,600 acres.) 
There are some BOLLINGS in western Kentucky. One went to Congress some years ago, perhaps 1870 or 1872. The first BOLLING who came to America was Colonel Robert BOLLING of London, England. I think old Cava BAKER made the rhyme on the "Cattle War," I have always heard it that way. Old Julius Bob BAKER and William NEAL were in St. Clair's defeat. BAKER held a Major's Commission. They are both buried at Buffalo, Owsley, County. NEAL requested to be buried beside BAKER. John GILBERT and John AMIS married sisters of James BOWLING [sic]. From Eli, John (grandfather of Judge Josiah Combs'S wife), Christopher, William, Joseph, Nancy (SIZEMORE) another sister of these, have descended most of the BOLLINGS in Clay County. Jesse BOLLING, my great grandfather married Mary PENNINGTON of Lee County, Va. He was born in North Carolina at Hillsboro. His father was born in Virginia. David PENNINGTON, her brother, was living during the War of the Rebellion. My grandfather, Elijah BOLLING stayed with him in Lee Co. during the late war. Jesse BOLLING had ten children as follows: Hannah mararied HUFF; Mary married Abram BARGER; Justice married ??; John married Polly LEWIS; Jesse married LEWIS for his second wife; William married a daughter of Daniel DUFF; Elijah married ROBERTS; George married LEWIS; a daughter married Joseph SPENCER; Betsey married Abel PENNINGTON; another married MAGGARD; another died single. A. P. HILL and Basil DUKE married sisters of John MORGAN. His mother was the daughter of John HUNT, the first millionaire in Kentucky. Dr. FOSTER of Kentucky was reared by Mrs. HUNT. 

James Brock
January 3, 1898. Hyden, Kentucky.

I live in Leslie County, I am 55 years old. I was born in Clay County. My father’s name is Aaron Brock. My mother was Barbara Shepherd. Her father’s name was James Shepherd. He was born in Virginia. I don not know what county it was; it was near Fort Yokum and Fort —, which was taken when he was about ten years old by the Indians who were led by Benge, the white man who was taken by the Indians when a boy seven years old. His capture was as follows. His mother had sent him to gather elderberries for the ducks. A party of Indians came upon him and attempted to kill him. He gathered stones and began to fight them. Pleased with his valor they took him prisoner saying, “He will make a good warrior.” I have heard my grandfather tell this and many other things, among them the taking of Fort — and the killing of Benge.
At the taking of this last mentioned fort, the Indians killed all but two women, the wives of George and Peter Levice. (Livingston in Collins.) Among the slain were the aged mother and father of Benge. After the massacre one of the captured women asked Benge if he did not remember an old man and an old woman who were killed. He said he did. She said, “They were your father and mother.” He dropped his head and wept. They crossed the Cumberland Mountains at Benge’s Gap. One of the women was tied to an Indian chief but the other, led by Benge (Peter Levice’s wife), marked the path of their retreat by pieces of her clothing torn and scattered.
As the whites pursued, they came to the house of my great grandfather, Nimrod Shepherd. My great grandmother was baking bread. It was not more than half cooked but was divided among them hastily. They took down some dried bear meat and venison saying, “We will use the bear’s flesh for meat and the venison for bread.” The first sight they got of the Indians was an Indians who had been stationed as a picket. He was roasting a turkey and nodding. Peter Levice slipped within 31 feet of him. They feared to shoot, lest the prisoners should be murdered. Springing for behind a tree, Levice, at three bounds, fell upon his victim and dispatched him with his tomahawk. He fell into the fire and the pursuers first ate turkey and then went on in their pursuit. Peter had lost a wife before this by the Indians and had recently remarried. He swore he would have her if he had to pursue them into Ohio.
George Levice’s wife was enciente. Peter Levice’s wife was sitting awake. Benge was asleep with his hand in her lap. Only one Indian was awake. A bird hovered over Benge’s head, fluttered, and darted off in the direction of the pursuers. The waking Indian shook Benge and told him there was danger. He grunted but fell back to sleep. The bird repeated its performance. The Indian then awakened Benge and told him, “Get up. Bad luck. Bad luck.” Benge rose and climbed a black gum tree nearby and got some mistletoe, saying, “I have always gotten mistletoe from this tree when coming to Powell’s Valley and have always had good luck.” He put it in his shot pouch and they started. The white men overtook them near Benge’s Gap. Mrs. Peter Levice first saw her rescuers, and her husband was the first one she saw. He was peeping from behind a tree. He caught her eye and shook his fist at her to keep her quiet. She went only a few steps, when she broke away and started toward her husband, screaming. Benge made three leaps after her, but seeing his danger, he turned in retreat. Levice fired at him as he was pursuing his wife but feared lest he would kill his wife. As Benge retreated he bounded from side to side to prevent his pursuers from hitting him. Vinton Hobbs saved his load till Benge would get into the narrow gap and then at a distance of 55 yards he put a ball through his head. Benge had a “blackjack” cup tied to his body which he clapped over his forehead, and it filled with blood and brains. He also had a small keg of brandy swung over his shoulder. The white men were so infuriated that they turned the contents of the cup upon the ground and drank the brandy from it. They took three strips of flesh from his back, 18 inches long, saying, “These are for razor strops.” They put his skull in the cleft of a rock, and my mother said she had seen it often. George Levice’s wife clenched the Indian to who she was tied and held his arms. He struck at her with his tomahawk over his shoulders but she had his arms pinioned and he could only use them below the elbows. She would dodge his lick as far as her head was concerned but her collar bone received the blows. She held him till her husband came to the rescue and dispatched him. Soon after she died. A party of white men had gone another route in pursuit of the Indians and they killed all that escaped from this party save one and he died after reaching home. This was the last Indian raid into that country. My grandfather died about 20 years ago (1878), he was about 90 (88-94) years old. This would place this event late in the last century. (Collins’ account is from Beiy Shaw’s in American Pioneers.) Collins says 1793, Bell County.
The Indians had captured a little Negro boy. They had him in one end of a sack and a keg of liquor or brandy in the other end of the sack. When they were attacked they tumbled the sack over the cliff. It struck the top of a spruce pine which softened the fall. After they had settled with the Indians and had started back they heard the little boy crying. Going down under the cliff they found him. When they asked him how he got there he said, “Why they just throwed me over here and didn’t care whether they killed me or no.”
A man named Wallin, with a squad of seven men came from Virginia to Harlan County to hunt. Near the mouth of what is now called Wallins in Harlan County one of the party saw an Indian sitting on a log patching his moccasin and raising his trusty rifle shot him dead. Within two hours the Whites were surrounded by Indians and were all shot dead but one man. He escaped to Virginia and it was 7 days before he returned with a party to bury the dead. Each hunter had his dog. These dogs had attacked the bodies of the dead, except Wallin’s. His dog lay by the side of his master’s corpse and would neither touch it himself nor suffer another to do so. They buried them where they were shot, which was on Laurel Branch, a little above the mouth of Wallin’s Branch, at the foot of Pine Mountain. Wallin’s Creek got its name in this way.




Story of Tristram De Bolling

Son of Robert Bolling and Isabel Thornton; m. 1446 Beatrice Claverly and was father of Rosamund who married Richard Tempest ; m. Ellen and was father of Edward. He fought with his father in the lost cause at Towton in 1461. Survived the aftermath by living with in-laws until his father died. He bequeathed the majority of his estate to his daughter Rosamund, leaving a small percentage to the rightful heir, Edward; thus began the decline of the British Bollings.

He declined knighthood just prior to his death.

Tristram Bolling, the eldest son of Robert Bolling, the attainted possessor of Bolling Hall, married Beatrice, dauhter of Sir Walter Calverley, of Calverley. He was a man of great courage, and was most loyal to the Lancastrian party, so much so that he appears to have idolized Henry VI.  In his behalf he fought alongside his father at Towton, but, being young, escaped further consequences than the disastrous defeat of his party. He died at Chellow, near Manningham, leaving an heiress, Rosamund, who had become the wife of Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell. 

Will of Tristram Bolling of Chellow
April 7, 1502. Proved August 2.
“I, Tristram Bolling, of Chellow, to be buried in the high quere of my parish church of Bradforth, and I bequeath in honour of my mortuary my best horse wt. sadyll & brydll, jake , salet, bowe and harnes, sword and bockler, as I went to the war.  I bequeath unto the aulter of Synt Kateryn afore the image of King Henry the VI. one vestment with albe preist. iiijd. To one priest for saying for my saule xxs . and li. wax to be brend upon my sepulture, and iiijd. for the wast of every torch burning about my body the day of my buryall. To every man beyryng me to the church iiijd . I will yt all my manners, lands & c., being my inheritance after the decease of Robert Bolling my fader or any other tytll of right hereafter remayne after my decease unto Richard Tempest and Rosamunde my daughter and wife unto the said Richard and to ther heyrs forever more. I will that my wife Elyne during her live have a yearly rent for her third sout of my said maners, &c. To my son Edward Bolling all my lands purchased in the town of Bradford except a messe. and one tenement lying beside the parich chirch, which I wil l remayn unto Thos. Tempest, son of Richard Tempest aforesa id. To the said Thos. Tempest one messe som tyme in the hol dynge of Alison Dyn-Gurd. To John Tempest, son unto ye said Richard Tempest, one tenement called Rowley and one tenem ent in Thornton beside Bradford newly bylded. I wyll that E dwd. Robertshaw take half a coile pytt at Clayton dewring one yere, and my wyff the other half, and then the said coil e pytt to remayne to the forsaid Rich. Tempest and hys wyff . I order as executors Nicholas Tempest, Edward Bollynge, a nd Cudberd Lenthrope, my son Richard Tempest being supervis eare.
Giffen at Chellow. Pro. 3 June 1502.”
The estates of Tristram Bolling comprised the manors of Bol ling and Thornton, and lands in Little Bolling, Bradford, C layton, Allerton, Wilsden, Hainworth, horton, and Denholme . He thus left the bulk of his property to his daughter Rosemund, wife of Sir Richard Tempest, although he had a son , Edward, by his second wife, who succeeded him in the Chellow estates, which comprised the manor of Chellow, and a substantial residence.

 Source: Unknown

John Rolfe, Pocahontas, and their son Thomas

 Pocahontas and Family
Our understanding of the Powhatan and surrounding Native-American peoples is derived primarily from archaeology and the writings of early European explorers and settlers. By about 1300 AD, the tribes of the Coastal Plain lived in semi- sedentary villages supported by small hunting and gathering camps. Increasing reliance on horticulture focused the location of villages along floodplains and areas of rich sandy soil near rivers and the Chesapeake Bay. The rich environment provided almost unlimited quantities of fish and shellfish, much of which was dried for storage. The material goods of these people included tools and ornaments made from stone, wood, bone, and shell. The era from about 1200 BC to 1600 AD, known as the Woodland period, also marked the introduction of pottery into the Eastern Native-American groups. By the time of European contact; a wide variety of pottery styles and shapes were in common usage.
Throughout most of the Late Woodland period (900 to 1600 AD), these groups formed small independent tribal societies. By the 16th century, however, larger chiefdoms developed and hundreds of villages dotted the landscape. European traders were able to capitalize on the Native Americans’ extensive use of personal ornamentation. The men of the group painted and tattooed themselves and wore various types of ornamentation. The women painted and tattooed their faces and also wore ornaments of bone and shell, including necklaces. Their clothing consisted of short apron-like garments of skins.
By 1600, the Powhatan chiefdom, under the rule of Wahunsunacock, covered an area extending from Washington, D.C., to the North Carolina line, and included at least 32 sub-chiefdoms in over 150 villages.  The Powhatan chiefdom was one of a number of Algonquian language groups in the larger region. John Smith noted that  
“ The forme of their Common wealth is a monarchical government, one as Emperor ruleth over many kings or governours. Their chief ruler is called Powhatan .”
Powhatan controlled these groups through inheritance and power; they paid him tax or tribute and received his aid in times of need.
Pocahontas, also known as Matoax or Matoaka, was born to Powhatan sometime around 1595 or 1596. The colonists reported her place of birth as Werowocomoco, along the York River, Powhatan’s principal residence until 1609.15 Pocahontas began visiting the Jamestown settlement with some regularity and developed a friendship with Captain John Smith, who realized the need to cultivate communication between the English and Native Americans. ‘I She appears to have been very willing to help break the language barrier and assist settlers in procuring food from the more cooperative members of her group. However, her most famous service to the colonists is the legendary rescue of Captain Smith. As the story goes, Smith had been captured and taken to Werowocomoco, where he received a death sentence from Powhatan and his advisors.
As he was about to be killed, Smith reports in his Generall Historie that Pocahontas took his head in her armes and laid her owne upon his to save him from death.
Powhatan agreed to spare Smith’s life and proposed that he return to Jamestown and deliver two guns and a grinding stone in exchange for adoptive membership in the Powhatan fold.”
The almost mythical story of Pocahontas had its origins in the first accounts of the settlers: the histories of Smith, Argall, Dale, Purchas, and Hamor. Fictional accounts appear to have begun in the late 18th century with a romanticized version of the story, The Female American, written by Mrs. Unca Eliza Winkfield in 1767.
If the story of Pocahontas grew during the late 18th century, it blossomed during the first half of the 19th. Historian Frances Mossiker has noted that “grease-paint Pocahontases overran the stages of America throughout the first half of the 19th century. 1121 The earliest of these dramas was The Indian Princess; or, La Belle Sauvage, the 1808 work by James Nelson Barker and John Bray, an “Operatic Melo-Drame in Three Acts. 1121 The Pocahontas story continued to be told in story, verse, and song throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Although most of the works provide some detail on her son Thomas and his family, Pocahontas’s story usually ends not long after her death in England.
Pocahontas did not marry Captain John Smith as many believe. In 1613, she was abducted by the English and brought to Henrico, where she remained for a year or more, and in 1614 was converted to the Christian faith. It was while in Henrico that Pocahontas met her future husband, John Rolfe. Shortly after her conversion, Rolfe wrote to Sir Thomas Dale, expressing his desire to marry Pocahontas. Dale felt the union would benefit the colony, and after a trip to obtain permission from Powhatan, the couple was married in the church on Jamestown Island in April 1614. The Rolfe’s built a new house along the James River near Varina, between Henrico and Bermuda Hundred. In 1615, Pocahontas gave birth to her only child, a son named Thomas. Later the same year, members of the Church of England proposed the creation of an Indian school – in Virginia and suggested that Mrs. John Rolfe might visit England to launch the venture. The Virginia Company appropriated the idea as a way to raise more money and attract new colonists to Virginia.
In June 1616, John Rolfe, Pocahontas, and son Thomas arrived in England. The Seven-month visit was a success in every way, generating new interest in the settlement of Virginia and important financial backing. The celebration quickly ended, however, as Pocahontas and her family prepared to return home. While waiting for the ship to sail from Gravesend, England, Pocahontas became ill and died. She was buried in St. George’s Parish Church on March 21, 1617.
John Rolfe returned to Virginia, but without his son. Thomas was placed in the care of his uncle, Henry Rolfe, who raised the boy. Father and son did not see each other again. When Thomas returned to Virginia in 1635, he received his father’s land in Varina as well as several thousand acres left to him by Powhatan. It appears that Thomas settled in Surry County, in an area known as “Smith’s Fort.” Although Thomas visited the Powhatan on occasion, he lived the life of an English tobacco planter. Thomas married Jane Poythress, and the couple had one child, a daughter named Jane. Little else is known of their life together.
Linebaugh, Donald W. Kippax  Plantation: Traders, Merchants, and Planters. An Exhibit Celebrating the Families of Pocahontas.Center for Archaeological Research, the College of William and Mary, Historic Hopewell Foundation, Inc. The City of Hopewell (1995).

John Jay Dickey Diaries. “Ghosts of Kentucky, Volume 1 Supplement.”

The Following are Abstracts taken from the John Jay Dickey Diaries. “Ghosts of Kentucky, Volume 1 Supplement.”

Baker, Rev of the M.E. Church

Roll 3 Pg 1602 1 Jan 1896


Baker, Mr. A.C.

A young lawyer from Covington.  On YMCA Committee.

Roll 1 Pg 150,265,423 Feb 1884 / 29 Mar 1885           Jackson


Baker, A.W.

On town board, his brother and brother-in-law are too. He owns a saloon.

Roll 3, Pg 1982 dated 3 Jan 1898 Manchester.


Baker, Abner- Made salt near “Dr” Burchell.  Dr. Baker was cousin of “Juder Bob” Baker and Francis Clark.. Abner was the first clerk of Co. Information by: Anderson Philpot

 Roll 3, Pg 2198, 2221 and Roll 4, Page 2715.  Dated  Mar 1898 / 20 Mar 1899 Clay Co.


Baker, Allen

Writes from Jackson, Breathitt, KY wants to sell out here and settle there. A brother has gone to Barboursville to look around.

Roll 3 Pg 2041,2471 and 2521. Dated April 1898 / June 1898 / July 1898 Manchester


Baker , Andrew

Baptized Jesse Bolling at Black Water church, now Hawkins Co. TN. Information by; Jason W. Bolling.

Roll 3 Pg 2344 15 June 1898 Benge


Baker, Mr. Ans  (Ance).

Under peace bond for shooting on street.  He was a Saloon Keeper.  Ance and John fought Holland Campbell on Laurel Creek.

Roll 3 Pg 1931, 1967, 2041 dated 8 Nov 1897 / 31 Jan 1898    Manchester


Baker, Billy

Brother of George who was buried yesterday. Billy was hung for killing Frank Prewitt, but his wife, on her death bed, said she did it. Information by: John D. COLDIRON

Roll 3 Pg 2225, 2226 dated 9 Apr 1898


Baker, Bowling, Senator

Brother of John, Senator (called “Teneretta” / “Rent-A”). Bowling, (son of Senator) Junior, was bound to Daughter White to learn salt making. He killed Morgan Dezan. Then Bowling fled the county. Information by: A.E. Robertson.

Roll 3, Pg 2282-83 Apr 1898


Baker, “old” Cana

Made up rhyme on the “Cattle War”. The Baker’s and Garrad’s were always together.

Information by: Jason W. Bolling.

Roll 3 Pg 2344, 2422 dated 15 June 1898      Benge


Baker , Charles, Surveyor

Roll 3, page 1678 dated 9 May 1896


Baker, Clem “Rev”

Spoke at Pastor’s conference here.

Roll 7- Pg 5571 dated 12 June 1927                Winchester


Baker, Cord

Has little daughter.

Roll 3, page 1933 dated 11 Nov 1897 Manchester


Baker, Dan

Visited here

Roll 3 Pg 2545 23 July 1898             Wooton, KY


Baker, Dr.

Hung here, (said David Y. Lyttle ) for killing Daniel BATES. “Dr” was “crazy” and jealous of his wife.

Information by: Henry Lucas

Roll 3, page 2092 Manchester


Baker, Frank Nelson “Dr”

Of Winona IN. Spoke at the Sunday School Conference at Berea.

Roll 6, Pg 5078, dated 12 July 1924  Flemingsburg


Baker, Gardner

Has place here. Wilson Howard killed near here. John and Tom Baker accused of the killing. Baker’s and the Howard’s are on the outs.

Roll 3, Pg 2034-35, dated 13 Apr 1898           Crane Creek/ Clay Co.


Baker, Garrard

Roll 3 Pg 2548 24 July 1898             Hyden


Baker, Jack

½ brother to Isaac BAKER. Died on Cutshin at about 100.

Roll  3- page 2280  dated Apr 1898



Married Rachel Fields

Roll 3 Pg 2280 dated Apr 1898


Baker, Jackson

Married Sallie Maggard. An old man near Bufflo. Information by: Reuben Maggard

 Roll 3 ,Page  2141 dated  1898


Baker, James (Claybank)

Married Esther Robertson. Son of John Sen (Teneretta)

Roll 3, page 2282, dated  Apr 1898


BAKER, James

Married Sallie DAVIDSON

Roll 3 Pg 2216 30 Mar 1898



Died in NC recently at about 105. He was very rich.

Roll 3, Page 2278-80, dated Apr 1898







Baker, John

Frank Clark and John shot and killed on Horse Creek, Clay Ky. Creek, in Clay Co. Kentucky on  20 July 1898. Dick McCollum was with them, but O.K.  John was charged with lots of crimes. He was young about 25; He has a wife and 1 or 2 kids. He is Garrard Baker.

Roll 3, page 2547-48, dated 24 July 1898 Hyden.


Baker, John

A  ½ brother to George, hence an ½ Uncle to Tom. Has turned against Torn and the others and is stirring up trouble.

Roll 3 Pg 2521 dated  July 1898       Manchester


Baker, John

Of Perry Co. John Baker son of “Juder Bob” Baker, married Lucinda Amis/ Amos. They were step brother and sister. Genealogy by Jason Bolling.

Roll 2 Pg 1402 / Roll 3 Pages 2249, 2282 ,2221  dated 28 July 1890 / Apr 1898


Baker, John G.

Son of George. John was called “Cana the Rhymer”.

Information by: A.E. Robertson.

Roll 3, page  2283  dated  April  1898



Baker, John “Teneretta” (“Rent-a”)

Pa of “Juder Bob”. Great great grandson of Jason Bolling. He came to Buffalo Creek from Boyle Co. He was uncle of Robert P. Letcher, Gay. of KY. Information by: Jason Bolling.

Roll 3 Pg 2221,2282-83 dated 8 Apr 1898     Manchester, Clay, KY


Baker, Julius Robert            – Called “Juder Bob”, married widow of John Amis/ Amos. He is great grandpa of Jason W. Bolling. His son John married Lucinda Amis (step brother and sister). “Juder Bob” was in war of 1812. He is buried in Buffalo, Owsley Co. Son of John (“Teneretta” / “Rent-a”) Information by: Jason Bolling.

Roll 3 Pg 2221-2, 2344 dated  8 Apr 1898     Manchester, Clay, KY


Baker, Lilly


Roll 3 Pg 1932  dated 9 Nov 1897   Manchester


Baker, “Mr”

Young. Gave the first public display of a radio.

Roll 6 Pg 4828  dated 18 Jan 1923  Flemingsburg


Baker, Nancy

Married Roderick McIntosh in Hancock Co.TN.   Information by: R.G. Lewis    

Roll 3 Pg 2259-60  dated 23 Apr 1898            Hyden.


Baker, Nathan

Killed in accident with mules and car 24 Sep 1923. He was a Carter Co. farmer, here to buy and sell stock. He lived about 3 miles form Oliver Hill. The car was driven by Oscar Lytle. He left a wife and 3 kids.

Roll 6 Pg 4961-2  dated 25 Sep 1923              Flemingsburg


Baker, Perly “Dr”

National Superintendent of Anti Saloon League.

Roll 5 Pg 3970 dated 23 Dec 1912  Washington D.C.




Bowling, Eli

Killed by John Cundiff, uncle of Henry Lucas. (A bully with great power) They quarreled about Milly Henson, and John stabbed Eli. Eli was bad and his son James looked for John. Elijah born 1798 at 3 forks of Powell River, Lee, VA. His pa was Jessie and his ma Mary Pennington of Lee Co. VA.

Roll. 3 Pg 2112 / Roll 3 Pg 2344 dated  22 Dec 1897/ June 1898              Clay Co.  Benge


Bowling, “Rev” Hughes

I am a preacher in the Missionary Baptist Church. I joined in 1884. I was born 8 Apr 1857, Bull Creek, Clay, KY.

Roll 3 Pg 2246-48 Apr 1898              Hector Creek


Bowling, James

Had a sister Mollie who married a Gilbert. James had a brother who was the father of “Hungry” John Bowling/Bolling, who is still living on Sinking Creek, Knox, KY.  James’ brother also the father of Mrs. John Holland, mother of Anderson Holland , of Martins Creek, Clay, Ky. She is still living.  James Bowling drowned in well (near Tanyard Branch), called McHone hole. James married Mahala Wilson

 Roll 3- pages 2160,2194,2246 dated  1898  Clay Co. KY


Bowling/Bolling, Jason Walker

Jason said his great grandpa “Rev” Jesse Bolling, baptisted “Rev” John Gilbert. I am great great grandson of “Teneretta” Baker, great grandson of Julius or “Juder” Baker.

Roll 3-Pg 2181, 2221, 2344  dated Mar 1898 / 8 Apr 1898 / 15 June 1898            Benge, Clay KY  and Manchester, Clay, KY.



Bolling/ Bowling

Of Clay Co. sell whiskey for John F. Young. Early settlers on Middle Fork.

Roll. 3-  Pg 2211 and 2420

Roll 4- Pg 2737 dated 1898 / 26 Mar 1899



One married ? Maggard.  One never married.  Children of Jesse.

 Roll 3 Pg 2343-5  dated 15 June 1898           Benge


Great Grandmother of David B. Redwine. She was of Russell Co., Va. Information by William J. Cope

Roll 3, Pg. 2538   Jackson




Married Susan Baker.  Parents of Jason Walker Bolling.

 Roll 3- Pg 2221, dated 1898


Bolling, Benjamin

Born about 1852-3. Son of “Maj” John and Elizabeth Blair. One of 19 sons.  Information by: Jason W. Bolling

Roll 3- Pg 2344 dated 15 June 1898                Benge


Bolling, Delany

Of MO. Son of “Maj’ John and Elizabeth Blair.  One of 19 sons. Information by: Jason W. Bolling

Roll 3- Pg 2344-5 , dated 15 June 1898          Benge


Bolling, Eli

John Cundiff, uncle of Henry Lucas, killed Eli Bowling who was a bully, a man of great power. Milly Henson was the woman they had a quarrel about. Bowling kicked John Cundiff, a small man. He went away and came back with a dirk knife, called Bowling to the door and plunged it into him. He died in a few minutes. John left the country and never retuned. Eli Bowling was a bad man. His son James, was hunting for John when he met grandfather Cundiff, who said “Jim, put that gun down. We have gotten rid of 2 bad men and let the matter stop.”   Information by: Henry Lucas.

Roll 3-  Pg 2112 dated 22 Dec 1897                Manchester


Bolling, Elijah

Grandfather to Jason W. Elijah born 1798 at 3 Forks of Powell River in Lee Co., Va. and was 12 when his father came to Perry Co., KY. Son of Jesse.  Information by: Jason W. Bolling

Roll 3- Pg 2344 dated 15 June 1898                Benge


Bolling, Graham

Was shot and killed by Stephen Robison, Eli Bolling, and M.C Jones were shot also. Information by: “Judge” Dickerson

Roll 3 page 2172


Bolling, Jason Walker

My great grandfather, Jesse BOLLING, came to KY in 1810. My grandfather was Elijah. Daniel Duff baptized my grandfather Elijah. “Rev” Andrew Baker baptized my great grandfather at Black Water Church, now Hawkins Co., TN. My great great grandfather was “Maj” John Bolling, he had 19 sons. I do not know that there were any daughters. John Gilbert and John Amis married sisters of James, Eli and John Bolling.  Jason gives his “Baker” genealogy, Roll 3 Pg 2221.

Roll. 3 Pg 2221, 2344-6 dated 8 Apr 1898 / 15 June 1898


Bolling, Mary

Abijah Gilbert’s father went to Richmond to get license to marry Mary Bolling, who had brothers: Eli, John, William and Levi. Sister Nancy married John Sizemore.

Roll 3 – page 2383


Bolling, Robert

Son of “Maj” John and Elizabeth Blair Bolling.  One of 19 sons. Information by: Jason W. Bolling

Roll 3- Pg 2344, dated 15 June 1898               Benge


Bolling, William

Son of “Maj” John and Elizabeth Blair Bolling. William married Martha Jefferson, sister of President Thomas  Jefferson. One of 19 sons.

Roll 3 Pg 2344 dated 1898                Benge


Bolling, William

Married Deborah Duff. Daniel Duff  baptized Elijah Bolling

Roll 3- page 2319  dated May 1898



Roll 4 Pg 3272  dated 24 Jan 1902  Washington


Byrley, Naomi

(2) wife of Robert Carnahan. They married in Clay Co.

Roll 3- Pg 2297,2301 dated 1898.



Married Sookey Roberts. (female).

Roll 3, page 2065, 2217 dated 1897



Came to town Saturday and died Sunday.

Roll 3, page 1969, dated 13 Dec 1897 Manchester


Bowling, Dan

Has brother Dave, grandson of Eli, son of James

Roll 3, Page 2246-7 dated 22 April 1898  Hector Creek


Allman, Douglass/Duglass

Of Harris and Allman. Mr. Allaman bricklayer on academy.

Roll 2 Pg 705,837,919  and  Roll 3 Pg 1676  dated 4 Nov 1886 / 8 May 1896


Alton, G.W. “Bro”

Had his funeral. Left wife and 3 kids and their families. Mrs. S.B. Tully, lives in Manchester, 0. and her 2 sons, J.W. and C.D. in Covington, KY

Roll 6 Pg 4723  dated 24 Apr 1922  Maysville



Married Susanna Boggs. Daughter of Rebecca and Abel. Information by:

Rebecca Maggard.

Roll 3 Pg 2262 Apr 1898    Montgomery Co. KY


AMBROSE, “Rev” and M.D.

He married William Holland SHOCKLEY to Ann Eliza DICKEY 7 May 1851.

 Roll 3 Pg 2380 / Roll 5 Pg 3834,4235  dated 1898 / 1911 / 1917



Her husband was a minister, also an M.D. Information by: Mrs. Martha J. GILBERT

Roll 3 Pg 2262 / Roll 5 Pg 3834,4235 dated 1898 / 1911 / 1917


AMIX, George

Received medal at school

Roll 4 Pg 3179 dated 4 June 1901   Hazel Green


AMOS, A.R. “Mrs.”

At Library meeting.

Roll 6 Pg 5059  dated 6 May 1924  Flemingsburg


AMOS, John (or AMY / AMIS / AMUS)

Was first settler about mouth of Cutshin. John was killed at first term of court in Clay Co. Oct 1807. James TODD saw John AMOS killed. Killed by Joel ELKINS, whom he had partly raised. A relative, Lincoln AMOS, came and got land at Cutshin after John’s death. William BEGLY had possesion. John was in “Cattle War”. John was brother-in-law of John GILBERT, having married BOLLING sisters. Wiley, a son of John. Information by: John EVERSOLE and Andrew COMBS

 Roll 3- Pg 2120,2125,2126,2182,2271,2321,1676  dated 8 May 1896  Clay Co.


AMOS / AMIS Lucinda

Married John BAKER (step brother and sister) Information by: Jason BOLLING

 Roll 3 Pg 2221 dated  8 Apr 1898   Manchester


AMOS, “Mrs”

Sister to William Jackson (Jack) HENDRICK. Also to sisters in Kansas City, MO.

Roll 6 Pg 5173 dated  23 Feb 1925  Flemingsburg


AMOS, Susan

Married Charles HOUSE (HOWES). Information by Melville JOHNSON

Roll 3 Pg 2128 dated  Jan 1898        Clay Co.


AMOS, Thomas

In 3rd Battalion of 14th KY Cavalery. Information by: William B. EVERSOLE

Roll 3 Pg 2146



AMOS, Wiley

Had “war” with William  STRONG. Wiley, Toni, Anse, and Bob AMOS/AMIS left after STRONG was killed after “Cattle War”. The STRONG & AMIS “war” in 1873, was result of “Cattle War”. Not really an AMOS, he was born out of wedlock and took his Mother’s name. ( his ma was a BOLLING ) Was a son of John AMOS’ widow. Information by: John EVERSOLE

Roll 3 Pg 2125,2412,2424 July 1898 Clay Co.



Spoke at Dist. Convention here.

Roll 6 Pg 5344 dated  23 May 1926   Fairview


ANDERSON. “Bishop”

Mrs. ANDERSON formerly lived in Maysville, both of Cincinnati now.

Roll 5 page 4161 / Roll 5 page 4451, dated 24 Feb 1916 / 19 May 1910               Lexington



Of Pittsburg

Roll 3 Pg 1888  dated  Sep 1897



C.W. ANDERSON steward of church

Roll 3 Pg 1637, 1831 dated 4 Mar 1896 / 1 Apr 1897



Secretary of Bible class. Charles was a “Romanists” (Catholic).

Roll 5 Page 4099, 4116 dated 8 Feb 1915     Hutchison







Rulers of Jerusalem- Boulogne Family (Bolling Family).

I cannot recall the original source of this information, but I have attached all that I had in hopes that interested parties can research further on this subject matter. The Bolling/ Bowling and various spellings have thought to have had their surname changed many times. The original spelling is thought to have been Boulogne, De Bolling, Bolling, Bowling, and various other family spellings. this is interesting reading.


Boulogne family

• Godfrey         1099 – 1100

• Baldwin I       1100 – 1118

Rethel family

* Baldwin II     1118 – 1131

Anjou family

* Foulques       1131 – 1143

* Baldwin III   1143 – 1162

* Amairic I      1162 – 1174

* Baldwin IV   1174 – 1185

Montferrat family

Baldwin V de Montferrat         1185 – 1186

Anjou family

* Sibylle          1186 – 1190

Lusignan family

* Guy  1186 – 1192/94

Montferrat family

Konrad I de Montferrat            1192

Champagne family

* Henry           1194 – 1197

Lusignan family

* Ainalric II     1197 – 1205

Isabella I          1205

Montferrat family

Maria   1205 – 1212

Brienne family

* Jean  1210 – 1212, regent 1212-25

* Isabella II      1225 – 1228

Hohenstaufen family

Note: Jerusalem was lost in 1244, the Kingdom being based at Acre thereafter

* Friedrich       1225 – 1228

* Konrad         1228 – 1254

* Konradin      1254 – 1268

Lusignan (Châtillon) family

* Hugh III        1268 – 1284

* Jean  1284 – 1285

* Henri IV       1285 – 1291

To Egypt          1291 – 1516

To the Ottoman Empire           1516 – 1918

To Great Britain           1918 – 1948

State of Israel   1948 –


Bolling Family From England

There are many sources that this information came from, written by Alexander Bolling and the Bolling Family Association.

Variations in spelling include Bowlin, Bollen, and Bollin.
From The Bolling Family, by Alexander R. Bolling, Jr.. 1990, we learn much about this old family name. The precise moment of origin of the Bolling family, according to the author, is a matter of conjecture. To be certain, the family took its name from a geographical location called Bolling, an area near Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. This is where it all began. As stated by the author, the word “Bollin” is of Saxon origin – from “Boll”, meaning “round hill” and “ing” which is the plural of the Saxon word for “son”.
Before William the Conqueror defeated the Saxons at the Baffle of Hastings in 1066, the population of Yorkshire consisted essentially of Saxons. The land named Bolling was owned, prior to the battle, by a Saxon named Sindi and probably would have remained in Saxon hands had the people of Yorkshire accepted William’s victory. They didn’t and three years later, there was a battle by the local Saxon leaders of this region. William crushed the opposition and ravaged the area. The population was left with baron land, and many starved to death. Some historians have stated that the Bolling family can be traced from Sindi. While this might be true, there are no records to validate this assumption. We find in 1165, (a century after the Baffle of Hastings), the first officially recorded reference to the Bolling name when it was reported that a William de Bolling was fined one mark for some infraction he apparently committed in a case dealing with “death duties”. As reported by the author, Alexander Bolling, it was during the century following the Battle of Hastings, that the use of Bolling as a family name was begun.
The family traces its name from Tristram de Bolling, born circa 1175. Tristram received land grants for service to Prince John during the 1190’s. Then came Robert Bolling, born in 1210. Inheriting family property through local law, Robert increased the value of Bolling land by use of serf labor and gave the homestead its first name -“Bollingsheath” . After Robert, came William, born around 1245. He was first to be referred to in official records as “Lord of the Manor of Bolling”. By the end of the thirteenth century, the Bolling family had progressed in both stature and wealth.
In 1325, Robert Bolling and his wife Elizabeth Thornton built the first tower of Bolling Hall (still standing on its original site in Bradford). Robert Bolling was proud, greedy and ambitious. He increased his land boundaries by robbing local people of many acres. The tower built by Robert in 1325 served the Bolling family until 1497. This tower home became the symbol of Bolling family prominence.
Robert Bolling, eldest son of Robert and Elizabeth, succeeded his father who now owned considerable properties and enjoyed much wealth. Despite the unfavorable name created by his father, serenity returned to Bolling Hall. Family interest in and contributions to the Bradford Church were significant. The Bolling coat-of-arms is conspicuously displayed as an integral part of the church building today.
The next Bolling in line was John born around 1360. He died very young leaving a wife and two infant sons: Robert and James. The infant, Robert, born about 1496, became of age. For his entire lifetime, England was at the brink of anarchy. Because of his status and extensive property holdings, Robert Bolling would be called to duty in support of King Henry VI. Robert Bolling had raised ten children before being called to duty in support of the King. Word was sent to Robert and his oldest son, Tristram Bolling to repair and join His Majesty’s forces at Doncaster. This was the second time that the Bolling family had been called to arms in the now 265 year old family history.
The forces of King Henry VI were routed at Towton on Palm Sunday 1461. Henry was deposed and sent to the Tower of London where he died a decade later. The new King, Edward IV, acted swiftly. Others of Robert’s class and position either died in combat or were executed by the King. Robert Bolling’s properties were seized but his life was spared.
As author, Alexander Bolling, continues, no one knows how this fifty-five year old gentleman and his wife survived the years after the War of The Roses. After an earlier, unsuccessful attempt, he sent a second petition to King Edward through the Duke of Gloucester, the King’s brother. Robert Bolling placed the blame for his presence at Towton on Lord Clifford. He pledged continuous allegiance to the new king. The request was read by King Edward who granted clemency to Robert Bolling who was given permission to reclaim his properties. The story continues as a result of these circumstances.
Robert Bolling died at age 81. At the time of his death, his holdings were vast. He had actually attained more than he owned before he rode off to fight in the Battle of Towton. The now wealthy family enjoyed great prestige within the community. Robert Bolling, son of Robert above, not being the oldest son, knew that he would not inherit his father’s estate. So, Robert Bolling left the north and found his way to London, where he met and married Anne Clark. Robert entered the business world in London. It was a great time to be in London. Queen Elizabeth had been on the throne for more than thirty years. England was a great power and wealth was pouring into this island nation. Robert Bolling listed himself “Citizen’, a title of somewhat greater importance than that of the average resident of London. Records show that Robert and Anne Bolling were the first family with the Bolling surname to reside in London. The Bollings settled on the east side of London, near the Tower of London. The family church was the ancient All Hallows, an edifice which by that early date had felt the presence of Romans, Saxons, Danes and Normans. No matter what, it always survived.
The long reign of Queen Elizabeth ended in 1603. John Bolling, son of Robert and Anne, followed in his father’s footsteps before him in the mercantile trade. The period which followed was marked by unrest and turmoil in England. London, being the seat of government, was experiencing vast problems and social unrest. Those residents in London were suffering. On 10 November 1648, John Bolling died suddenly and left a widow and small infant son Robert. John Bolling was buried beside his beloved All Hallows church in London. This was the time of Cromwell. Military power prevailed.
On 30 January 1649, when young Robert Bolling was two years old, Charles I was overthrown and beheaded in London. Approximately, ten years later Charles II returned to London. The monarchy had returned. It was the religious upheaval which followed that determined the destiny of young Robert Bolling. Less than four months after the return of the King, Robert Bolling bade farewell to his widowed mother and sailed from England for America. Fourteen years old when he left London, Robert Bolling never saw his mother again. Robert Bolling arrived in Virginia on 2 October 1660. He is our direct line, Robert Bolling, the emigrant and progenitor of the Virginia family.
This famous emigrant came to Virginia at age fourteen. He built a large estate. Robert must have been a talented, young man to gain a position of financial independence and social prestige so quickly. 
In 1675, when he was twenty-nine years old, Robert Bolling married Jane Rolfe, daughter of Captain Thomas Rolfe and granddaughter of John Rolfe and Princess Pocahontas. By this marriage to Jane Rolfe, Robert Boning had one son, John Bolling, born in 1676. Jane Rolfe died shortly after the birth of her only child. Thus was created the branch of the Bolling family in America known as the “Red Bollings” to denote blood relationship to Pocahontas.
After the death of his first wife, Jane Rolfe, Robert Bolling secondly married Anne Stith, daughter of a wealthy resident of Charles City County. Those Bollings who descended from this marriage became known as the “White Bollings”.

Robert Bolling had become a prominent citizen. In 1688, he ran for and was elected to the House of Burgesses from Charles City County (Prince George County, the site of his residence, had not yet been created). Most burgesses were given military rank with the local militia. Robert Bolling was no exception; he was appointed “sheriff’ and lieutenant colonel by the governor and retained this throughout his life.
By the year 1704, Robert Bolling’s lands encompassed 3,402 acres. Robert Boiling had a vast estate, “Kippax” on the James River. John Boiling, his only and oldest son by Jane Rolfe, had acquired great wealth through trade with the Indians and enjoyed a lavish lifestyle at his residence “Cobbs” on the Appomattox River. Robert Boiling, the emigrant, continued to live at “Kippax” on the James River until his death on 17 July 1709.
In his sixty-two years, according to author Alexander Boiling, Robert Boiling accomplished far more than most men. As a young boy, he left his homeland and traveled to a new and dangerous world. With no parental help, he built a large estate, raised a strong and healthy family, became an active leader in county and Virginia Colony affairs, and as one of the vestrymen of Bristol Parish, was at the top of the leadership ladder in the influential religious structure of the colony.
Robert Boiling was buried at “Kippax”, but later family members moved away from this estate and the place began to deteriorate. The tombstones were mutilated or hauled off. Robert Boiling’ s great-great-grandson, Robert Buckner Boiling had the remains moved to the family vault in the cemetery of Blandford Church, in the city of Petersburg. The first five generations of Robert Boiling in America are entombed in this vault.
As we mentioned earlier, John Boiling was Robert Boiling’s oldest son by his marriage to Jane Rolfe. His second oldest son, Robert Boiling, born from his second marriage to Anne Stith, was instrumental in the development of Petersburg, Virginia. Much of the land inherited by Robert Boiling was destined to be laid off into streets and with the lots disposed of through sale or long term leases. Many houses in Petersburg were residence to the Boiling family for generations to come. “Centre Hill”, “The Lawn” or “Zimmer House.” and “Bollingbrook” are among these lavish homes. Today one is still reminded of days past when the Bollings enjoyed such prominence in Petersburg. Bollingbrook Street, Bollingbrook Day School and Boiling Junior High School (when we went to school) are a few examples of lasting Boiling influence in Petersburg.
Even though lineage is available on our Bolling line for several generations earlier than • Robert Bolling, the immigrant to Virginia, we will start with Robert Bolling in presenting our direct Bolling family line as follows –
Roberts Bolling, born in London, England, on 26 December 1646, died 17 July 1709 in Prince George County, Virginia, married first in about 1675 Jane Rolfe, born 10 October 1655, died 1676, daughter of Thomas and Jane (Poythress) Rolfe. (The Rolfe family line will be presented in another section of this book.)
Robert Bolling, the immigrant, and Jane Rolfe had one son, Major John Bolling, born 27 January 1676 in Charles City County, Virginia. (See below)
After Jane Rolfe’s death in 1676, Robert Bolling, the immigrant, second married Anne Stith, born circa 1660, daughter of Major John and Jane Stith of Charles City County, Virginia. Major John Stith was born in England and died circa 1692 in Charles City. From Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary Quarterly Historical  Magazine, Volume I, we find a list of children born to Robert Bolling and his second wife Anne Stith. They were: Robert, born 1682; Stith, born 1686; Edward, born 1687; Anne, born 1690; Drury, born 1695; Thomas, born 1697; and Agnes, born 1700.
Major John’ Bolling (Roberti), born 27 January 1676, in Charles City County, Virginia, died 20 April 1729, in Prince George County, Virginia, at his estate “Cobbs” on the Appomattox River near Petersburg, Virginia. Major John Bolling married on 29 December 1697 Mary V. Kennon, born 29 June 1679, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Worsham) Kennon of Henrico County, Virginia. Richard Kennon was born in England and Elizabeth Worsham was born in Henrico County and daughter of William Worsham who was born in England and settled in Henrico before 1640. William Worsham married Elizabeth Littleberry who died in Henrico County around 1678. Records indicate that William Worsham died about 1660.
We trace our lineage from Robert Bolling the immigrant to Virginia from England from his first and second marriage. We will present them below, first from his marriage to Jane Rolfe and second from his marriage to Anne Stith. We will present only direct line ancestors from both. marriages in descending order to the authors of this book. Later in separate sections of this book we will cover collateral information on the particular families represented in the lineages.
First Marriage:
Robert Bolling married Jane Rolfe and had one son, Major John Bolling.
Major John2 Bolling married on 29 December 1697 Mary V. Kennon. Their daughter, Martha’ Bolling, born 1713, died 23 October 1749 in Surry County, Virginia, married about 1727 Thomas Eldridge, died 4 December 1754 in Sussex County, Virginia. Their daughter, Sarah “Jenny” Eldridge, born 14 May 1740 in Surry County, Virginia. married 9 June 1762 Colonel George Rives, born circa 1737, died in March 1795 in Sussex County. Their daughter, Martha “Patsy” Rives, born 22 February 1767 in Sussex County, died about 1829, married John Wilkinson, Revolutionary War soldier, born 22 March 1761 in Sussex County, died 3 January 1823 in Sussex. Their son, Thomas Edward Wilkinson of Sussex married Susan J. Wells of Petersburg, Virginia, daughter of John and Elizabeth Wells. Their son, George E. Wilkinson, Civil War Confederate soldier, married Roberta A. Harwell (Harville), daughter of Redmond Yancey Harwell and Temperance Redding Cain of Prince George County, Virginia. Their son Thomas Redmond Wilkinson, born 1872. died 1917, married in 1901 Linda Harville Magee, born 1876, died 1958, daughter of William Ellison and Ann Lucas (Leonard) Magee of Prince George County, Virginia. Their son George Carroll Wilkinson, born 1908 in Prince George, died 1993 in Petersburg, married in 1936 Virginia Lee Cox, born 1908 in Sussex, died in Petersburg in 1968. Their sons, George Carroll Wilkinson, Jr., and Gene Cox Wilkinson are co-authors of this book. Now, onto the second marriage connection below.

Second Marriage:

Robert’ Boiling, the immigrant, born in England on 26 December 1646, died 17 July 1709, at “Kippox” on the James River in Prince George County, second married Anne Stith, born circa 1660, daughter of Major John and Jane Stith of Charles City County, Virginia. Major John Stith was born in England and died circa 1692 in Charles City.
From Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary Quarterly Historical Magazine, Volume I, we find a list of children born to Robert Boiling and his second wife Anne Stith. They were: Robert, born 1682; Stith, born 1686; Edward, born 1687; Anne, born 1690; Drury, born 1695; Thomas, born 1697; and Agnes, born 1700.

It is said that Agnes’ (Agnis) Boiling married John Wilkinson (our line), born about 1695 in Isle of Wight, son of William and Elizabeth (Webb) Wilkinson. Later, John Wilkinson moved to Sun-v County, Virginia, in the portion of that county that later became Sussex. Many have questioned whether the Agnis mentioned in John Wilkinson’s will in Sussex County in 1758 is Agnes Boiling, the youngest daughter of Robert and Anne (Stith) Boiling of Prince George County. We have seen evidence that Agnes Boiling married Richard Kennon of Henrico County, and yet another reference that acknowledges that she married first Richard Kennon and second married John Wilkinson after Richard Kennon’s death. Another source states that Agnes Clanton of Surry County married John Wilkinson. The records are just not available to confirm this without a doubt. The other scenario could be that our John Wilkinson married another Agnes Boiling, a descendent of one of the son’s of the immigrant, Robert Boiling and his wife. Anne Stith.
Assuming that John’ Wilkinson married Agnes Boiling, you can see the direct line lineage down to the authors of this book by going to the Wilkinson section of this book and tracing it downward from John4 and Agnes (Boiling) Wilkinson.
NOTE – We relied heavily on Religues of the Rives, by James Rives Childs which was published around 1930. It appears that the Wilkinson genealogical information was provided by the daughter of Henry Benjamin Wilkinson, son ofJohn6 and Martha (Rives) Wilkinson of Sussex County. We are relatively certain that a descendent of Henry Benjamin Wilkinson provided the Wilkinson lineage as only Henry’s line is covered. Since Henry Benjamin Wilkinson lived until 1893, it is likely that he provided first hand information on his Wilkinson family to his daughter who used the same documentation it seems to prove that John Wilkinson, Revolutionary War soldier, was her direct line ancestor in order to join the Daughter of the American Revolution (DAR). John4 and Agnes (Bolling) Wilkinson would have been Henry Benjamin Wilkinson’s great grandparents and you would think that he would have known his great grandmother’s maiden name.
The other possibility is that Agnes Bolling (who by tradition was the wife of John Wilkinson) could have been the daughter of one of Robert Bolling’s, the immigrant, sons thus making her the granddaughter of the immigrant instead of his daughter. In that case, we would still be direct line descendents of Robert Bolling from his second marriage to Anne Stith. Robert and Anne (Stith) Bolling had five sons: Robert, Stith, Edward, Drury and Thomas, any one of which could have fathered Agnes Bolling, wife of John’ Wilkinson. The birth records back then were fragmentary and there likely was another Apes Bolling of unknown origin during the era.
We think that John Wilkinson was born about 1690/95 and married Agnes, his wife, about 1720. We believe that Agnes, John’s Wilkinson’s wife, must have been born around 1700, but she could have been born after 1700, and thus could have been born to one of the sons of Robert Bolling, the immigrant. We do know that according to Albemarle Parish records that Agnes Wilkinson out lived her husband, John4Wilkinson, by quite a few years and this could mean that she was quite a bit younger than her husband.


Captain Bill Strong

Breathitt County Genealogical Society Website

Captain Bill Strong (1825-1897) — Old picture shows Captian Bill Strong near the end of the Civil War just as the many family feuds were about to begin in the mountain section of Eastern Kentucky.

Ambush Ends Career Of Captain Bill Strong, Famed Feudal Chieftain

Young Grandson Was Witness To Brutal 1897 Killing

Editor’s Note: Just after the Civil War many parts of Kentucky suffered through long and bloody family feuds. Old scores from the war days had to be settled and the feuding raged fairly unabated. No where in the nation was this more true than in Breathitt County. It is a fact that after the war no less than six major feuds took place in this outlaw county of the Cumberlands. Scores met death, often from ambush along the lonely trails of the deep forestland. Others were shot down in the streets of Jackson, the capital of Bloody Breathitt, or even in their homes. A county judge (Burnett) was assassinated in 1878 and the courthouse was burned in 1873. Mobs often ruled and at least two men were lynched from the courthouse tower. Bad Tom Smith was hanged there in 1895 and Marcum, Cox, Cockrell, Hargis, Callahan and others were gunned down. However, when the feud days are recalled one name springs to the forefront; for he led his faction for over thirty years and certainly may be blamed for many of the infamous happenings of those deadly wars. This honor belongs to William Strong, known to everyone in those days as Captain Bill, a title he earned from his command during the Civil War. It is told that Strong and his men made widows of over 100 women through the years. Thus, he had many enemies and it came as little surprise that some of them paid a call of revenge to his section of the county on a lovely May day in 1897. Once again, as it had often done, his named leaped into the headlines of the nation’s newspapers. This time, however, the old chieftain’s story was an ending. He had met death in the same manner in which he had, no doubt, dealt it out many times over the years. This then, is the account which appeared in Kentucky’s leading daily newspaper, The Courier-Journal of Louisville, the day after his ambush murder. (Strange to say that the death of Captain Bill Strong did little to end the feuds of Breathitt County since the last feud which ended in 1912 was not to start in earnest until 1902.)


Reliable news has just reached Jackson that Capt. William Strong, well known in the history of mountain feuds, was waylaid and assassinated near his home in upper Breathitt. This afternoon, May 9, 1897, at the time of the killing Capt. Strong and a little boy were leisurely riding along the road on Lick Branch. when three shots were fired from the adjacent wooded hillside, breaking Capt. Strong’s leg and killing the mule which he was riding. Afterward, the assassins came down upon Capt. Strong as he was lying wounded on the ground and fired seven shots into his body, leaving him stone dead.

The little boy escaped, and, it is said, is not able to identify any of the perpetrators of the deed.

Capt. Strong was well known in the mountains as the leader of the “Red String,” one of the organizations which have made a great deal of trouble in the past twelve months in the George’s Branch section of Breathitt County. The “Red Strings” was a rival body to the Ku Klux, and the unpleasantness between the two has caused the loss of several lives in the past.

Only about two weeks ago the leaders and a number of members of the two hostile factions came before the court and at that time all parties concerned agreed to lay down their arms and go to their homes in peace. It was thought that the agreement was made in good faith, that all difficulties were settled, and that peace would prevail in a community long sundered by factional enmities. The assassination of Capt. Strong, however, will probably reopen hostilities. Capt. Strong was popular with his faction, and the “Red Strings,” it is believed, will avenge his death.

It is highly probably that the assassination will inaugurate another reign of terror on George’s Creek.


–Capt. Strong’s Turbulent Career–

Had Been A Mountain Fighter For A Quarter Of A Century.

Capt. Strong had been known as a successful mountain fighter for twenty-five years. He was one of the most picturesque characters in Breathitt County. He was seventy-two years old, five feet, eight inches high, cold blue eyes set wide apart under a full strong forehead; black hair and full beard sprinkled with gray; had an erect carriage and weighed about one hundred and forty-five pounds. He had remarkably small hands and feet and wore a No. 6 shoe. He was active as a man of thirty-five and moved with a springy step like a well-trained athlete.

Capt. Strong was the son of Col. Edward Strong, of Virginia, who immigrated to Kentucky early in the century and settled in Breathitt County. Col. Edward Strong died in 1869, aged eighty, while his widow died in 1874, aged eighty-seven. Capt. Strong’s great-grandmother, Susan Callahan, was one-fourth Cherokee Indian by blood and the Indian characteristics cropped out largely in the Captain. He had high cheek bones and a slightly reddish color of the skin, and the straight, erect form of the Indian. His courage was phenomenal. He did not know fear.

He enlisted in the Federal Army at Irvine, Ky., early in the war, joining Company D Sixth Kentucky Cavalry, Col. Munday. He served as Corporal in that company in the Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee campaigns of Gen. Geo. Morgan and was with that commander when he captured Cumberland Gap. He was discharged on March 24, 1864, at Camp Nelson, Ky., but immediately returned home and recruited, with others, the Three Forks Battalion of Kentucky state troops. He was then made Captain of Company K of the Fourteenth Kentucky Cavalry, Col. H. C. Lilly, this being a part of the Three Forks battalion. He served with distinction under Gen. Wolford, and was mustered out July 17, 1865.

The Beginning of the Trouble.

Returning to his home near Crockettsville, in Breathitt County, where he had bought a little farm, he began the mining of cannel coal, which he shipped by flat-boat down the Kentucky River to Clay’s Ferry and Brooklyn, and he sent several cargoes to Frankfort. While engaged in this business, in which he earned enough money to pay for his farm and to buy adjoining lands, he became involved in a dispute with a family called Amis, several members of which had been his companions in the war, belonging to his companies. Wiley Amis was the father and his grown sons, John, A’ and Robert, incurred Strong’s displeasure by stealing, so Strong alleged, several shoats from the Strong hogpen. The Captain’s friends say that during the war Amis and his sons were noted poachers and when the Captain found that they had stolen his shoats he is said to have made some very caustic comments as to the honesty of the Amis family. This was in the spring of 1870, and a few days after Strong had charged them with stealing the hogs, Amis and his sons accosted the Captain in his field while plowing and began firing on him. The Captain ran to his house, got his gun and shot John Amis through both thighs, inflicting dangerous wounds. John did not recover until late in August, and then he and his father and brothers began a warfare on Capt. Strong. They got a number of their friends and armed them with old-fashioned Colt revolvers, Ballard, Smith & Wesson and Spencer rifles, and one night, early in September of that year, they surrounded Capt. Strong’s house and the next morning began firing on the dwelling.

The only persons in the house besides wife and little children were two Negroes, one a mulatto, who had served with him in the war, and the other a seventeen year old boy, who was assisting on the farm. The Amis crowd shot the house to pieces. One bullet struck Hiram Freeman, the mulatto, in the thigh, badly wounding him. Capt. Strong was not well armed at that time, and was unable to make a successful defense, as the Amis party kept behind trees and knolls. After the Captain had been besieged about three days and his provisions and ammunition were get ting low, he concluded to put his little boy, Jim, on a horse and send him to Jackson for help. Accordingly, the boy started early one morning and rode rapidly to this place, where he called on Edward Marcum, who was then Circuit and County Clerk, and who had been Capt. Strong’s Lieutenant in the army. Lieut. Marcum was also a nephew of Capt. Strong, and when he heard that his uncle was besieged by the Amis party he quickly got together a company of twelve or fourteen determined men and rode to the scene of the conflict. They arrived on a high hill about half a mile from Capt. Strong’s house about 11 o’clock in the morning. There was a large corn field lying between them and the house, and as it was in the height of roasting-ear time the foliage of the corn stalks was luxuriant, so that the men marching through the field could not be seen by those who might be on the knolls around Strong’s house.

Capt. Strong was watching from a window for the re-enforcements, and when they appeared on the hill he signaled them to come through the cornfield. Lieut. Marcum deployed his men so that they would make as long a line as possible and they dashed into the cornfield yelling like Comanche Indians and firing their revolvers. Amis and his men, seeing the long line of fire, naturally supposed that the rescuing party numbered a hundred men or more and they beat a hasty retreat. When the re-enforcements arrived Capt. Strong let them in and early next morning his entire party evacuated the place and went to his mother’s house, some ten miles distant. After recruiting a few more men, Capt. Strong placed him self at their head and went to look for the Amis party, but they had all taken to the woods and he disbanded his forces.

A few weeks later Capt. Strong and two or three of his friends were standing in his yard, when Amis and his gang fired on them, several bullets barely missing the Captain and lodging in the door of the house. The next day the Captain received word from the Amis family that they intended to kill him. He came to Jackson and advised with the Circuit Judge and county officials as to what he should do. They told him they were powerless to protect him, and it would be better for him to try to protect himself. Accordingly the Captain secured twelve or fourteen men on whom he could fully rely, and arming them well, he set out to meet his enemies.

They met one moonshiny night in October and the Amis faction outnumbered the Strongs two to one, and nearly half of the Amis men were old soldiers. The same could be said of Strong’s men, as nearly all of them had served under him in the war. They began firing on each other at a distance of 300 yards. For awhile both parties advanced until the firing became so heavy that each side retreated slightly. Then Capt Strong rushed out in front of his men and urged them to come on and charge the Amis forces. They responded quickly, and in the charge which followed Al Amis fell dead, shot through the heart; Robert Amis fell with a broken leg, and William Sandlin was shot through the hip. Several others belonging to the Amis party were slightly wounded. Capt. Strong’s oldest son, Flint, who was the best marksman in Eastern Kentucky, was the only one on the Strong side to receive a bullet. He suffered a flesh wound in the thigh. Two years later he was killed by a flat-boat he was trying to turn over, falling on him.

After this battle the Amis crowd dispersed and as several of them were found dead at different times with bullet holes in them, the others came to the conclusion that Breathitt County was not a healthy locality for them, and they went West Capt Strong then bought the old home place with the proceeds derived from the sale of cannel coal, and had lived there ever since. He was never indicted for any of the killings, as it was plain to the authorities that he was fighting to save his life.

It is true a number of killings which occurred from time to time in Breathitt County were laid at Capt Strong’s door by those who were at enmity with him, but there was never enough evidence against the Captain to cause a grand jury to indict him, and he lived in peace for many years until the trouble between him and Callahan broke out two years ago. It seems that shortly after the war, and after Capt Strong had gone to work to pay for his home, the Ku Klux began to terrorize the community. It was generally conceded that the clan was composed chiefly of young men who were not old enough to enter the army at the breaking out of hostilities between the States, but who had grown up with a deep-seated prejudice against the Unionists. Capt Strong was considered a leader among the ex-Federal soldiers and a strong Republican. He was outspoken against the depredations of the Ku Klux, and is credited with having organized an anti-Ku Klux party, which did much toward putting down the clan.


The Latest Outbreak.

About two years ago some of the new men who had come into Breathitt since the advent of the railroad, organized a band of Regulators patterned somewhat after the old Ku Klux Klan. Again Capt. Strong was outspoken against the methods of the mob and denounced the Regulators in unmeasured terms. The Regulators committed outrageous depredations. They whipped and robbed an old man named Ed Spicer, they hung Joshua Neace to a limb, allowing his toes to barely touch the ground, and kept him in that position for hours; they robbed Wiley Morris and, going through farms, shot stock to death, and on Capt. Strong’s farm tore down fences, and shot his stock, wounding several head. The Captain was loud in his condemnation of these acts of vandalism, and when he was told by persons who pretended to be his friend that Ed and Sam Callahan were at the head of these Regulators, he denounced them. Then tale-bearers went to the Callahans, who were strong Democrats, and told them what the arch Republican, Capt. Strong, had said about them. This brought on the feud between Capt. Strong and the Callahans, and when Tom Barnett, who was known to be a friend of Strong, was murdered, Strong’s friends declared the Callahans were responsible for Barnett’s death, and not long after that Tom Sizemore, a friend of the Callahans, was found on the roadside dead with a bullet through his heart.

Realizing that Breathitt County was about to be plunged into another of its feuds, and knowing they could not afford to send their children away to school, Judge Day and several of the lawyers and citizens of Jackson decided to use their influence toward bringing about a settlement of the trouble between Strong and Callahan. Accordingly warrants were sworn out by them against Capt. Strong and four or five of his leading friends to make them keep the peace and similar warrants were sworn out for the Callahans and several of their friends. Both sides were cited to appear here on the same day, and two weeks ago they came in, each side under heavy guard summoned by Sheriff Tom Deaton. The men met in Judge Day’s office and on comparing notes Capt. Strong and the two Callahan brothers found that they had all been victims of tale- bearers and they shook hands and promised to bury the hatchet and let bygones be bygones.

Capt. Strong, when last seen by the Courier-Journal correspondent, appeared to be in a most cheerful mood. Shortly after the settlement of the difficulty with the Callahans, Judge Barr of the United States Circuit Court at Louisville, handed down a decision which confirmed the Captain’s title to a half interest in 400 acres of fine cannel coal land valued at $600 per acre. As the suit had been pending since February, 1893, Capt. Strong was highly elated over the, to him, important legal victory, especially as it was won by his nephew, James B. Marcum, a rising young lawyer of this place.

It has been stated that Capt. Strong was a desperate moonshiner, and that he had made a great deal of money by distilling whiskey surreptitiously and by selling logs from the lands of other people. A full investigation showed these reports to be without foundation in fact.


Captain Strong’s Funeral

Jackson, Ky., May 11, 1897. (Special.) – A large concourse of people followed the remains of Capt. William Strong to their last resting place, and dire forebodings were ex- pressed on every hand as to the probable outcome of his death, many going so far as to say that it meant a reign of terror in the George’s Branch precinct by a renewal of hostilities between the “Red Strings” and “Ku Klux.”

The “Red Strings” have no definite idea as to who killed their leader. It is true that charges and counter- charges have been made, but a hot-headed man like Capt. Strong always has lots of enemies, and his death was as liable to come from one class of these as the other. The leading men of the “Ku Klux” disclaim any knowledge of the killing, and even assert that they can prove to positiveness that none of their men was in the neighborhood at the time of the killing.

Whoever did the deadly work committed a foul crime. Capt. Strong was an old, white-headed man, past sixty-five years of age. On the bright Sabbath morning of the killing he and his aged wife, accompanied by a little grandson, a wee tot, who rode behind his grandfather, went over to a neighboring country store, about one mile from home, to do some shopping, Sunday being the regular shopping day in that locality. They reached the store in safety, made their little purchases, and then left for home. On the way back Mrs. Strong stopped to have a conversation with some neighbor women at the mouth of Lick Branch, while the Captain, accompanied by a young man named Tall Turner, rode leisurely along up the branch discussing the neighborhood gossip. The day was fine and pleasant, and no danger seemed to lurk in all the bounds of nature. But ere the pair had gone more than three hundred yards, three shots from Winchesters rang out on the still mountain air. The neighborhood was immediately wild with excitement, for instinctively everyone knew that the report of the guns meant bloody work. At the first fire Capt. Strong’s mule was killed. A bullet pierced the animal’s brain, while Capt Strong’s leg was broken by another bullet, which rendered him incapable of flight. Tall Turner’s horse, thoroughly frightened, carried his rider out of reach of danger, while Strong’s little grandson slipped from the dead mule and screamed. But the assassins, not satisfied with their fiendish work, marched down from their places of concealment and in the presence of the terror-stricken child emptied seven loads from their Winchesters into the body of the “Red String” chieftain, leaving him dead by the wayside, as they fled to the woods. The little boy was scared so badly he could not recognize any of the men, while Tall Turner, in rapid flight, could only distinguish the outlines of three human figures.

In the search which was made afterward for traces of the assassins, a camp was found where it seemed they had spent some time. Near this spot a half emptied flask of “moonshine” whiskey was picked up. Near the bottle some empty cartridges were found.

The place selected by the assassins was one which seemed to have been designed by nature as a suit able place for such work. In the narrow valley of a little mountain streamlet a number of large rock shad slipped down in the course of time from the adjacent cliffs until they had settled down within only a few feet of the roadway. It was from be- hind these huge boulders that the first shots were fired, and it was up the path left by them long years ago that the murderers made their desperate escape into a country so rugged and wild that a hasty pursuit was practically impossible.

It was fortunate for Mrs. Strong that she stopped to talk to her neighbors at the mouth of the branch, for in all probability had she gone on she would have shared the fate of her husband. Capt. Strong leaves, besides his wife, four sons and two daughters. His wife is a half-sister to ex-Chief Justice Thomas F. Hargis.

(Editor’s Note: Strong was buried near the spot he felL Today, his old Civil War tombstone is all but unreadable as it stands on a lonely hilltop amid other old graves. As was the case in many of the ambush killings of feuding days the names of the killers were known by many. Yet nobody was ever charged or convicted of Strong’s murder.)


Breathitt County Feud 1903 (One of Many).

The Feud In Breathitt County – 1903

(Thought to have been written by the president of the S.P. Lees College Institute in Jackson at the time of the feuds.)

For several months the gaze of the public press had been turned almost daily upon the little mountain town of Jackson, Kentucky, the county seat of “Bloody Breathitt” County, the scene during the previous year of three assassinations of increasing boldness and atrocity, and occurring within a 100 steps of the business center of the town. In the many newspaper accounts of the tragedies the word “feud” has been almost universally employed to denote the state of affairs in Jackson. “Feud” is a choice word for picturesque, romantic, and unique effects. It has a pleasant medieval sound, a distinct flavor of the antique, but in this instance it is misleading. An acquaintance of several years with the town and the people, including all these prominently connected with recent events in Jackson, leads me to think it necessary to look for other motives than those usually supposed to actuate participants in a family feud.

The three men who were assassinated were, it is true, in certain legal and business relationships to one another; but there was not among them any tie of blood so close as that subsisting between one of the victims of assassination and the man who according to the testimony of an eyewitness shot him deliberately from a well-selected hiding place. Personal feeling entered into the situation, as it must, but as will appear in the sequel political motives have been to all appearance at least as strong in their influence. And the so-called “other side” has not, so far as I am informed, fired a shot or attempted to fire a shot. If such a state of affairs constitutes a “feud,” it is, as regards active participation, a solitaire game.

The town of Jackson is by no means wholly outside the pale of civilization and progress. It is 90 miles by rail from the center of the “Bluegrass.” The whole country around is one vast deposit of coal, layer above layer, from one foot to 14 feet in thickness, while on the surface, in hollow and on hill, mighty poplars, oaks, and walnuts rear their heads. Capitalists from the East, the West, and the North are buying large tracts of this valuable land for early development. Two 20 or 30 miles leaders to the main railroad line are rapidly opening part of this great territory, and others are contemplated as soon as there is assurance of peace and order. Because of its central position and its railroad facilities, an immensely disproportionate volume of business flows through this little community of 12 or 15 people. It is a collecting and disturbing point for eight or ten counties. There are two department stores, sometimes doing a business of one 1,000 to 2,000 dollars a day each, a well-conducted bank, three hotels, five church organizations with four buildings, a public school, and a denominational school established 20 years ago, which now has an annual enrollment of over 300 students, and excellent collegiate, music, business, normal, and industrial courses. Students from this institution go into business or attend college, and compare favorably in appearance, ability, and character with those from any other part of the state. As two examples out of many, one of the most prominent and efficient preachers and church executive officers in one of the leading denominations, and the nominee for mayor of one of the largest cities of the state, are both Kentucky mountain boys. A graduate of this school was second in the oratorical contest to represent Central University against the state the first year he was at college.

There are many excellent people in Jackson, some of whom have come in from outside, but the native people of town and county are kindly, hospitable, shrewdly alive to their own interests, and ambitious for their children. Many believe, and have said to me sotto voce, that if a certain mere handful of men were in some way to be subtracted from the 15,000 population of Breathitt County, the present reign of lawlessness would be at an end.

It is perhaps impossible for anyone who has not lived among the people of these mountain hollows, to form a just conception of their intense individuality of feeling, thought, and action. The personal is all-pervasive, and the desires of the individual are often taken as sufficient excuse for what has been done. Public opinion is a growing force, but in many of the remoter parts of the region it is still a negligible quantity. Consequently, the views of life, standards of judgement, and aims are often unique. In some localities, for example, less open to the influences of the outside world than the town itself, it is thought a needless extravagance to pay the $2.50 necessary to procure a marriage license; nevertheless, the wife, or as they put it, the “woman,” is negotiable and is frequently exchanged for one judged at the time to be more attractive or more desirable.

Some of the departures from accepted proprieties seem almost incredible. One of the frequent visitors to the mountains told me that once in her travels she came to a house very remote from the influences and standards that are rapidly supplanting more primitive conditions at Jackson. The woman of the house was in the field hoeing corn, squaw-like, as is the frequent custom of the women in the remoter localities. She came promptly to the house, welcomed her guests with the unfailing hospitality which is characteristic of the people, and then paid what seemed in the light of that which followed, an unnecessary tribute to cleanliness by washing her earth-soiled feet in a common tin basin. She then proceeded, in accordance with her usual custom and with utter unconsciousness of impropriety, to mix the simple ingredients of the mountain cornbread, coarse-ground “grit” bread, in the same basin. But she did have her own idea of what was proper; she had rinsed the basin.

Another “furrier,” who had frequently penetrated to the heart of the most retired localities, told me of an old woman who had spent almost her whole life in one deep mountain hollow, from which she could see only the hills and the sky. She was sitting one October evening on the humble stoop of her cabin as the sun shone slant and golden on the gorgeous yellows, browns, and crimsons of the dying foliage. A friend she had known long and well who was spending the night at her house, sat beside her wondering when she would speak and what she would say. After a silence of an hour and a half, unbroken save by the puffing of her pipe, she slowly removed this boon companion from her lips, and said, “The trees air a ‘yallerin,’ ain’t they?”

An ailing husband of Jackson went to Florida in the hope of restoring his health. He died in a very short while, and his wife took upon herself the sad duty of bringing his body home for burial. She remained in Florida, however, for a week, which was the limit of time allowed by her round-trip ticket. She finally returned with the body, and when asked why she had stayed so long, replied, “Well, they’d fixed him up so he’d keep, an’ I didn’t see no sorter use in was ‘n’ thet thar ticket, so I thought I’d travel roun’ an’ see the kentry.” But she seemed to realize that there was some need of self-defense, and added: “Thar was a man at the deepo’ whar was setting’ fer me, but I wouldn’ look at him. I couldn’ have nothin’ ter do with no man while the corpse was above groun’.” Needless to say, she was not a widow for many months.

A son of this woman, a little fellow of six, perhaps, kept bringing sticks of wood into the room where lay the dead body of his father. “Thet thar kid ‘mos’ pesters the life outer me bringin’ in wood,” remarked his mother to a friend. “Why does he bring it?” was the reply. “He says his pa’s in thet box an’ can’t git out, an’ he’s goin’ ter bust it open. I’ve done whipped him fer it a ‘ready more time ‘n’ I kin count, but he won’t quit.”

It is not such aspects, however, of the typical as these that have at this time attracted the attention of the public to this little mountain town. The two following incidents throw a direct psychological light upon the Breathitt County reign of terror, the leading events of which I shall soon relate. They show in youth and image the mental attitude of which the recent assassinations are the outcome.

The hero of the story of the sticks of wood, when ten or 12 years old, was taken to Louisville by a friend. About the middle of the day he spied in front of a restaurant a bill of fare, which was to his liking. The cost of the dinner, read the legend, was 25 cents. He walked in, pulled out a long knife, and with a threatening air demanded the meal for 15 cents. Charmed by this exhibition of youthful independence, the proprietor accepted the cut in his rates. But the boy was in deadly earnest, and if he had not been satisfied, would undoubtedly have attempted a cut to which the proprietor would have had serious objection.

Barbaric criteria still appear here in age as well as in youth. An old woman in the county had made for her husband’s grave a wooden imitation of a tombstone. It was neatly painted white, and in order to do full justice to the virtues of the deceased, there was painted on the “stone” in black a hand gripping a .45, from which the bullets were streaming. So pleased was the widow with the realistic appearance of the tribute to the memory of her man, that she could not bring herself to the point of removing it to his grave on the other side of a neighboring hill, but kept it on her front porch where she could point out its merits to all comers with admiring pride.

The average number of deaths by violence in Breathitt County in a year used to be about 20. It is said that from November 1902 to June 1903, there were 30 or more. Most of these fatalities, have been the outcome of drinking, and many of them have resulted from open fights between town or county officials and those they were endeavoring to arrest. It is not unusual for friends or members of the same family to injure each other when drunk and armed. But assassinations, at least in recent years have been very rare. A large majority of the more serious offenses go scot free. There is either no indictment or the jury is friendly. Only one man has ever been hung in Breathitt County.

At the primary election in the spring of 1901 and at the final election in the fall of the same year there was a bitter political fight for the offices of Breathitt County. James Hargis, of the firm of Hargis Brothers, was elected county judge by a considerable majority, while Ed Callahan secured the sheriff’s office by a very small majority. The election of Callahan and of one or two other officials was contested by the opposing candidates, and Hargis supported Callahan and his other friends in their defense of their election. During the course of the contest there was an altercation at a conference at which Hargis, Callahan, their attorney, the opposing attorney J. B. Marcum, and one or two others were present. Serious trouble was averted only by the prompt action of one of the attorneys in taking two of the disputants out of the room. Warrants for Hargis and Marcum were sworn before the police judge of the town, Cardwell, a relative of whom had killed a brother of hargis some years before. This relative had been pardoned, but the feeling between the Cardwell and Hargis families had ever since been, to say the very least, unfriendly. Marcum was arrested by the town marshal, the local police officer, and paid his fine. The marshal, James Cockrill, with a brother, Tom, as deputy, then attempted to serve the warrant on Judge Hargis. The latter escaped by running into his store while the revolvers of the Cockrills were covering him. Judge Hargis asserted that he had surrendered to Sheriff Callahan, who was standing near, before Cockrill served his warrant. The Cockrill boys declared that he surrendered to the sheriff afterwards, and that they had not arrested him only because they saw it would precipitate a fight with the sheriff who had drawn his revolver. The sheriff and the town marshal both have power of arrest within the town limits, and such conflicts of authority are not rare.

This incident occurred in the spring of 1902. About a week later Tom Cockrill, who had aided his brother James in the attempt to arrest Judge Hargis, and Ben Hargis, a brother of the judge, and usually a pleasant, genial fellow, met in a wholesale liquor store. It is pretty certain that Hargis had been drinking, and thet they had had some words a few days before about the attempt to arrest Judge Hargis. Cockrill said that Ben Hargis sent for him. However this may be, they seem to have opened fire on each other almost simultaneously. The testimony as to this point is conflicting. Both were badly wounded, but Hargis much more seriously. He lived only for a day or two, while Cockrill recovered after a long and painful confinement. It is credibly reported that just before his death Hargis asked his brothers not to pursue the quarrel, as it had been an open fight and he had merely gotten the worst of it, and that they agreed. However this may be, Tom Cockrill was arrested and put in jail, where for one reason or another he stayed for many weeks before he was brought out for trial.

Owing chiefly to the efforts of Dr. Cox, one of the leading physicians of Jackson, and guardian of the Cockrill boys, Cockrill’s trial was transferred to an adjoining county. Judge Hargis declared over his signature that he would not prosecute the case against Cockrill there for fear of personal injury. Cockrill was acquitted.

Dr. Cox feared assassination after this, and told his friends he expected it. He said that he felt it was his duty to champion the cause of Tom Cockrill as he was his guardian and there was no one else to render the aid. One moonlight Sunday evening in May, during church service, two shots rang out, a pause, then a third. Dr. Cox, who had not only been working for a change of venue for Cockrill’s case, but had been active in the canvass against the Hargis ticket, was found dead with more than 20 buckshot wounds in his body. He had been called to his office by telephone, but found no one there and started home again. He was shot from the direction of the Hargis Brothers’ stable yard, which is just to the rear of their store and across the street from the Cardwell store, in the second floor of which Dr. Cox had his office. The intersection of this street between the Hargis and the Cardwell stores, and Main Street, is the assassination center of Jackson. The Hargis and Cardwell stores occupy the north and west corners, respectively, the courthouse the east corner, while on the south corner is the building which contains the office of John Patrick.

As I hurried to Dr. Cox’s house immediately after he was shot, and was just approaching the spot where he fell, there came behind me along the silent and deserted streets, a feeble old woman. She kept looking apprehensively around and said, “May I go along with you? I’m afraid they’ll shoot me.” It was the mother of Dr. Cox’s wife, going to the home of her bereaved daughter.

No apparent effort was made to find the assassins. No special term of the grand jury was summoned. No evidence was offered at the regular session in June. No one desired to take an initiative which everyone thought would be deadly. No one knew what to expect next. People talked with bated breath. There was not one public expression of condemnation of the dastardly crime, except from the pulpit. I walked through the principal streets of the town about eight o’clock in the evening a few nights after Dr. Cox’s assassination. The brilliant moonlight revealed no one beside myself. The streets were deserted at an early hour for a long time after this murder, the stores were closed at dusk, and blinds were drawn. Later, the streets were frequently patrolled by armed men who would stop every one on their own authority until satisfied of the peaceable intentions of each passer-by. The Hargis Brothers were for along time accompanied by guards when they went about or on their trips by rail. Their store was guarded night and day against the assassin they said they feared and the incendiary that never came.

About two months after the assassination of Dr. Cox, in July 1902, James Cockrill, the town marshal who had attempted to arrest Judge Hargis as already narrated, had an altercation with Curtis Jett, in which several shots were exchanged, but without injury to either. A few days later, about the middle of the day, as Cockrill was standing in front of the Cardwell store, he was shot five or six times from a second story window of the courthouse on the corner diagonally opposite. Several of the shots took effect, and he died the next day. It is said that no one was for a time allowed to search the courthouse, and that when the search was finally made, the assassin helped to look for himself. The same night the building in which Ben Hargis had been fatally wounded by Tom Cockrill a few months before, was burned to the ground.

John Patrick, a young lawyer of Jackson, had an office directly across the street from the window of the courthouse from which Cockrill was shot. Patrick told someone that at the time of the shooting he was in his office and saw the muzzles of three guns protruding from the window. He averred further that he recognized one of the assassins. He was warned to leave the town, and left very promptly. Some months later he was summoned to appear before the grand jury, but he refused, saying in an open letter to the judge of the circuit court, Judge Redwine, that he feared assassination, but would come if protected by troops. Sheriff Callahan was sent for him, but in spite of an apparently diligent search, failed to find him. Some months later, when the town was filled with troops during the trial for a third assassination, Patrick appeared before a special grand jury, and testified that he had seen Curtis Jett at the window from which James Cockrill was shot, but had not recognized his companions.

Public opinion connected Hargis and Callahan with the two assassinations. Curtis Jett is a nephew of Judge Hargis, and had been befriended by him in many ways. He was also for a time deputy sheriff under Callahan. He had been in jail under many indictments and several times was let out under circumstances mysterious to the public. On one occasion after he escaped in the night, there was a hole in the wall of the jail through which he might have passed. Dr. Cox was the guardian of Tom Cockrill who had fatally wounded Ben Hargis, and he was also actively opposed to the Hargis ticket in the election as well as instrumental in having Tom Cockrill’s trial removed from Breathitt County. Whatever may have been the reason, there was a notable falling off in the number of visitors to the Hargis store. For many weeks it had an air of desertion. The many wagons which ply from the county stores to town for supplies either went to other stores or did not come to Jackson. There was a large increase in the trade of the other department store at this time. Hargis and Callahan denied all connection with the assassinations, and professed themselves deeply grieved at the death of Dr. Cox, but so far as I am informed they expressed no such regrets in the case of James Cockrill.

A merchant of the town, C. X. Bowling, was after considerable delay appointed guardian of the remaining Cockrill boys in the place of Dr. Cox. During the winter, Mr. Bowling’s store was burned to the ground in the night. After the burning of the wholesale liquor store in which Ben Hargis was shot, mentioned before, the insurance companies cancelled, promptly, every fire insurance policy in Jackson, and no renewals could be secured for some months.

Mr. Marcum, as has been said already, was attorney for the contestants in the election cases, and participant in the original altercation which is supposed by many to have been the starting point of the series of calamities of which this is the story. He had left Jackson after the killing of Cockrill, and did not return until November, when he had business before the circuit court meeting then. He had been warned repeatedly that he would be killed if he did not go. He told me of one of these warnings at a chance meeting, and said he was going to his office to do his duty by his clients and by the town. He was president of the Board of Trustees, which is the governing power in small Kentucky towns. He had often complained of the impossibility of properly carrying on the town government and making needed improvements because of friction with the county authorities.

After Mr. Marcum returned to Jackson, he published a circumstantial statement of the information he alleged had been given him from time to time as to plots against his life. He asserted tat he had been able to escape on several occasions only because the man who had been hired to assassinate him had told him of each plot as it was made and had managed to put his fellow assassins off the track. Mr. Marcum would remain in his room all day and steal out in the dark, or he would slip down a back street in company with his wife or daughter, or would carry his baby in his arms for protection. Mr. Marcum’s informant also had published a signed statement corroborating Mr. Marcum’s assertions, and naming as the men who had hired him to assassinate Marcum; Hargis and Callahan. The latter promptly brought suit for libel against Marcum and also against the paper which published the statements just mentioned.

Marcum was vigorously preparing to reopen the election cases, which had been tried before a special judge who had declared the election void because of fraud on both sides. Meanwhile, the apparently successful candidates had been promptly appointed by Judge Hargis, the county judge, to serve until the next election. The libel case against Marcum was transferred to an adjoining county in order to secure a fair trial, as Breathitt County has long been notorious for its partisan juries. The trial was set for the 11th of May 1903. The contested election cases also were soon to be passed upon by the Court of Appeals, the supreme court of the state. On the fourth of May, while standing in the front door of the courthouse with his hand on the shoulder of B. J. Ewen, a deputy sheriff, Mr. Marcum’s attention was attracted by a man named Tom White passing by him out of the courthouse and scowling at him. Marcum remarked to Ewen that he was afraid of that man, he was a bad man. The words were hardly out of his mouth when he was shot from behind by someone in the hall of the courthouse. Ewen testified that he saw Marcum fall, then saw “Curt” Jett advance upon him with his pistol held in both hands. Then the second shot was fired at such close range that the powder burnt Marcum’s face. The ball penetrated the brain. Either shot would have been fatal, and Mr. Marcum died in a few minutes without being able to speak.

At the time of the shooting, according to their own testimony, Judge Hargis and Sheriff Callahan were just inside the Hargis store directly across the street. Hargis said he was not directly in front, and could not see the assassin. Callahan said he saw his form, but could not recognize him for the smoke. A number of witnesses testified that smokeless powder was used. Judge Hargis, the county judge, advised Callahan, his sheriff, not to go to look for the assassin for fear of personal injury. Some minutes elapsed, and Hargis finally directed Ewen to make the search, which was fruitless.

Many witnesses testified that Jett and White apparently had a conference just before the shooting, that they both entered the side door of the courthouse shortly before the shooting, that White came out of the front door as already narrated, while Jett was seen shortly after the shots to look cautiously out of the side door, and then come out and mingle with the crowd around the wounded man.

Ewen was called to a conference with Hargis, Callahan, and one or two of their adherents in a second story room of the Hargis store, and was there asked what he knew about the shooting. Ewen testified that he said he did not recognize the assassin, because he was sure he would be killed if he told the truth. He told a number of friends the next day or so that he had recognized the murderer, and named Jett as the man. Jett went about town as usual for a few days. No further attempt was made on the part of the authorities to ascertain the identity of the assassin. Judge Hargis did send a message to the widow of Mr. Marcum offering to have a warrant served on anyone she might desire. Jett finally went on a visit to his mother in one of the Bluegrass counties, and was there captured without resistance. He was anxious to be taken to Jackson for trial, and was finally taken there. White was captured later by a detail of soldiers from the 200 troops sent to preserve order, and to protect witnesses during the trial. While told his captors that if they had been a few minutes later he would have escaped. It was currently reported that a friend of Whites’ was sent to warn him before the special sheriff was notified of the order for his arrest.

After Ewen had given his testimony against Jett, declared that he was approached by a man who offered him $5,000 to change his testimony so as not to incriminate Jett, and who threatened that if he would not accept the bribe, Hargis and Callahan would kill him. He told the briber that he could not talk to him then in such a public place, but he would see him at his own house at a time appointed. Ewen and a witness, whom he had concealed in the room, both testified before the grand jury as to the repetition of the offer of the $5,000, and of the threat that he would be killed if he did not accept. Ewen promised another witness at the time of the trial. This testimony was brought out before the grand jury.

Ewen had refused to accept the bribe, and early one morning while he was in the camp with the soldiers for safety and his family were asleep, his large hotel was burned to the ground, and almost all the contents destroyed. This fire occurred during the Marcum trial, and Ewen’s friends thought it was an attempt to get him out in the open where he could be shot. Alex Hargis, one of the firm of Hargis Brothers, said he thought Ewen had had the fire started himself in order to throw suspicion on Judge Hargis. As the value of the property, and it was all Ewen owned, was about $10,000 and the insurance companies had canceled the insurance a few weeks before, because they feared incendiarism, this opinion of Judge Hargis’ brother did not find many adherents.

All the jury, but one, were for Jett’s conviction, but that one persisted in his opinion and the jury was discharged and a new trial appointed to be held at Cynthiana, 100 miles from the troublous town of Jackson. The discharged jury had been procured from the adjoining county of Magoffin, and a short while after the failure to convict and the discharge of the jury, the following item from Lexington appeared in The Jackson Hustler, one of the two weeklies published in the town:

“The report comes here from Salyersville that Burns Fitzpatrick, the man who hung the jury that tried Curtis Jett and Tom White at Jackson, has left Magoffin County, and returned to his former home on Jennie’s Creek, in Johnson County. It is said Fitzpatrick’s neighbors cut him, and the talk was so against him that he was forced to leave. Before leaving he stated that he did not think he would ever come back.”

The new trial of Jett and White resulted in conviction and a sentence of imprisonment for life. The jury in Kentucky fixes the sentence in such cases, and one juror held out against the death penalty. Indictments were found against two teamsters of Hargis Brothers for setting fire to Ewen’s Hotel, and against a man named Plummer for offering Ewen the $5,000 bribe. L. T. Bolin, who corroborated Ewen’s testimony as to the offer of the bribe, said he was warned by Plummer’s wife to leave Jackson. He left, saying he didn’t think he could live there after giving the testimony.

Such, in outline, is the story of what many believe to be a conspiracy on the part of those in official power to accomplish criminal ends.

Later Note From Newspaper Items

January 1907

Jett was sentenced to be hanged for the murder of James Cockrill, secured a new trial, confessed the crime, implicating Hargis and Callahan, denied his confession on the witness stand, re-confessed his part in the murder at a subsequent trial, and was sentenced to life imprisonment instead of hanging. The “life” imprisonment lasted only a few years, whereupon Jett took to preaching.

Hargis and Callahan were sentenced to pay Mrs. Marcum in a civil suit for conspiring to kill Marcum the sum of $8,000, although acquitted in the criminal trial due to Jett’s withdrawal of his charge against them, it is said, an interesting legal anomaly.

 Source: Clay County Genealogical Society, date unknown.

Elijah “Lige” Bowling Notes

 Elijah ‘Lige’ Bowling was born on 22 Jan 1801 in Lee Co, VA, died on 20 Oct 1883 at age 82, and was buried in Bowling Cemetery, Green mount, Laurel County, KY.

General Notes: As per Harley Bowling’s “Bowling’s of Eastern Kentucky” Elijah Bowling was born on the Three Forks of the Powell River in Lee County, VA; and came to Kentucky with his father, Rev Jesse Bowling around 1809. Elijah is buried in the Bowling Cemetery, Green mount, Laurel Co, KY, near the Laurel/ Jackson County line off Hwy 30. Elijah was married three times. First on 3/18/1819 , to Susannah Roberts. Susannah’s parents were Jesse and Nancy Ander son Roberts, were also from Lee Co, VA. They settled in the Red Bird River territory of Clay Co around 1810. Elijah and Susannah had eight children before her death.

Elijah married 2nd on 11/13/ 1843 to Mary Ann Cobb when he was 42 years of age. Mary Ann Cobb Bowling and Elijah had five children before she died on the Middle Fork of the Kentucky River at the age of 40 years old  on 8/ 5/1858.

Elijah’s 3rd wife Nancy Ann Bryant was born on  3 /15/ 1824 was the widow of James Centers of Morgan County, Kentucky. Elijah was 58 and Nancy Ann age 36 when they were married at Elijah’s home on the Middle Fork on 9 /20/1859. Nancy Ann died on May 21, 1904. There were no children from this marriage.

The history of Perry County shows that Elijah was an early Justice of the Peace and served a two year term as Sheriff 1844 – 1846.

Elijah, like his brothers was involved in buying / selling land.

200 acres – 19 May 1836 North Fork, Kentucky River Perry County

300 acres – 5 June 1840 Bowling’s Branch Perry County

400 acres – 31 Sept 1846 Middle Fork, Kentucky River Perry County

The 1849 tax list of Breathitt County shows

650 acres Crockettsville

50 acres Turkey Creek

Elijah and his family were residents of Breathitt County after its formation with the exception of his son, Elijah Bowling, Jr. He and the rest of h is family moved to Jackson County after the Civil War ended. His grandson n, Jason Walker Bowling states in the Dickey Diary that his grandfather, Elijah was baptized by Rev Daniel Duff. Jason further states that Elijah left Kentucky during the Civil War and stayed with his Uncle, David Penning ton in Lee County, Virginia.

Elijah and his family found a new home in Jackson County near his relatives in the Moore and Terrill’s Creek area off Hwy 20 near the Jackson / Laurel County line. He and his wife, Nancy became members of the United Baptist Church of Mt Pleasant in Laurel County in 1867. A large number of their family also became members of the same church.

Elijah married Susannah Roberts, daughter of Jesse Roberts and Nancy Anderson, on 18 Mar 1819. Susannah was born in 1799 in Clay Co, KY and died in 1850 in Clay Co, KY at age 51.

Children from this marriage were:

+21F  i. Chaney Bowling was born on 10 Mar 1820 in Breathitt Co, KY. +22M ii. Jesse B Bowling was born on 14 Jan 1822 in Perry Co, Ky, died on 14 Sep 1878 in Laurel Co, KY at age 56, and was buried in Bowling Cemetery, Laurel Co, KY.    

+23 M iii. Delaney Bowling was born on 7 Nov 1823

+24 M iv. William Robert Bowling was born in 1826 in Breathitt Co, KY and died before 1863.

+25 M v. Elijah Bowling Jr was born on 29 Feb 1828 in Clay Co, KY and died on 17 Feb 1908 in Stamper’s Fork, Canoe, Breathitt Co, KY at age 79.

26 F vi. Nancy Jane Bowling was born about 1829 in Perry Co, Ky.

Nancy married Larkin Murrell. Larkin was born in 1826.

27 M vii. Elisha Bowling was born on 23 Jun 1831 in Lee Co, VA.

Elisha married Elvira Crawford. Elvira was born on 24 Feb 1838.
Most of this information was given to me by one of the greatest researchers that ever lived, Harley Tucker Bowling. RIP my cousin, you are missed!